sack, n. bag, pouch; pillage, plunder, rapine, havoc, devastation, spoliation.

sack, v. devastate, plunder, pillage, ravage, despoil, loot, rapine, strip.

sacred, a. consecrated, hallowed; venerable, sainted, religious; inviolable.

sacredness, n. sanctity, holiness; inviolability, inviolableness.

sacrifice, n. oblation, immolation; surrender, loss, giving up; holocaust; hecatomb.

sacrifice, v. offer, immolate; surrender, give up, forego.

sacrilege, n. desecration, profanation, violation.

sacrilegious, a. impious, profane, irreverent.

sad, a. sorrowful, pathetic, plaintive, doleful, piteous, lugubrious, rueful, mournful, dismal, funereal, gloomy, melancholy, disconsolate, dejected, touching; calamitous, deplorable, grievous, dire, afflictive, wretched, saturnine, grave, sober; dull, sombre, subdued; (Colloq.) bad, naughty, troublesome, mischievous, vexatious.

sadden, v. depress, dishearten; tone down, subdue.

saddle, n. Associated Words: pommel, cantle, girth, pillion, stirrup, saddle-tree, croup, crutch, chapelet, tilpah, tapadero, housing, latigo, pique, panel, sinch, saddle-bow, selliform, holster, mochila.

sadness, n. melancholy, pathos, sorrow, gravity, soberness, seriousness.

safe, a. unharmed, intact, unscathed, immune; trustworthy, reliable, sure, secure, invulnerable, impregnable. Antonyms: unsafe, endangered, insecure.

safe-conduct, n. convoy, guard, escort; pass, passport.

safeguard, n. defense, security, palladium, protection, convoy, guard; passport.

safeguard, v. guard, defend, protect, shield.

safekeeping, n. guardianship, care, custody, charge, preservation.

safety, n. security, custody; immunity, exemption.

sagacious, a. intelligent, knowing, shrewd, discerning.

sagacity, n. intelligence, shrewdness, cleverness, ingenuity, wisdom.

sail, v. navigate, cruise, embark.—n. sailing, cruise, embarkation.

sailable, a. navigable.

sailcloth, n. canvas, duck, tarpaulin, raven's-duck.

sailing, n. navigation; circumnavigation (sailing round); orthodromics, orthodromy.

sailor, n. mariner, navigator, seaman, seafarer, tarpaulin, tar, salt, Jacky.

sailor's song. chantey.

sailor's wages. portage.

saint, n. Associated Words: canonize, canonization, hagiology, hagiologist, hagiolatry, hagiolater, hagiography, Hagiographa, dulia, legend, diptych, feretory, philatory, relic, apse, reliquary, shrine, saintism, sainthood, saintship, hagiographer, hierotheca.

sainted, a. holy, pious, saintly, consecrated; canonized.

Saint Vitus's dance. chorea. Associated Word: choreic.

salable, a. vendible, marketable. Antonyms: unsalable, unmarketable.

salacious, a. lascivious, lecherous, concupiscent. See lustful.

salad, n. Associated Word: acetarious.

sale, n. vendition, market; auction; handsel.

salient, a. prominent, conspicuous, noticeable, striking.

saliva, n. spittle, sputum, spit. Associated Words: salivate, salivation, insalivate, insalivation, salivant, salivary, ptyalism, salival, salivous, expectorant, drool, drivel, ptyalogogue, sialogogue, ptysmagogue.

sally, n. spring, leap; sortie; witticism, jest, frolic, escapade.

saloon, n. grogshop, barroom, groggery, dramshop.

sal soda. carbonate of soda.

salt, n. chloride of sodium.

salt, n. seasoning, flavor, savor, taste; piquancy, wit, sense, humor; old sailor.

saltness, n. salinity, salineness, saltiness.

salt of wisdom. alembroth.

saltpetre, n. potassium nitrate, nitre, nitrate of potash.

salt spring. saline.

salt works. salina.

salty, a. saline, brackish, saltish, salt, briny, saliferous.

salute, v. address, greet, hail, welcome, accost.—n. salutation.

salvation, n. redemption. Associated Word: soteriology.

salve, n. ointment, cerate, embrocation, emollient, balm, unguent.

salve, v. anoint, embrocate, heal; remedy, cure.

sal-volatile, n. carbonate of ammonia, salts of hartshorn, smelling salts.

same, a. identical, invariable, uniform, analogous, similar, cognate; isomeric, isonomic. Antonyms: See different.

sameness, n. identity, identicalness, similarity, correspondence, uniformity, analogy, parity, invariability, parallelism; monotony; isomerism.

sample, n. specimen, example, illustration, exemplification, instance, pattern.

sanction, n. confirmation, ratification, authorization, penalty, punishment.

sanction, v. confirm, ratify, approve, countenance.

sanctity, n. godliness, saintliness, inviolability, sacredness.

sanctuary, n. shrine, sanctum, adytum; Holy of Holies; church, temple.

sand, n. sandy soil; quicksand, syrtis; arena (Med.). Associated words: dune, downs, arenicolous, burst, sabulosity (sandiness), psammophilous, ammophilous, medano, eschar, os, kame, arenarious.

sand, n. (Slang) grit, pluck, nerve, courage, fearlessness, audacity, spirit.

sand bath. arenation, psammotherapy, inhumation, saburration.

sandglass, n. hourglass.

Sandwich islands. Associated Word: Kanacka (native).

sandy, a. sabulous, gritty, arenaceous, arenose.

sane, a. underanged, rational, sound, lucid, compos mentis.

sanguinary, a. bloody, murderous; cruel, truculent, bloodthirsty.

sanitarium, n. sanatorium, health retreat.

sanity, n. saneness, rationality.

sap, v. mine, undermine, subvert; exhaust, drain, unsettle.

saphead, n. (Slang) simpleton, sap, dolt.

sappy, a. juicy, lush, succulent; (Low) silly, foolish, half-witted.

sapwood, n. alburnum.

sarcastic, a. satirical, taunting, ironical, derisive, sneering.

sash, n. girdle.

Satan, n. devil, Belial, Apollyon, Abaddon, Asmodeus, Prince of Darkness, Archfiend, the Evil One, the Tempter, the Arch Enemy.

satchel, n. handbag, valise.

satiate, v. surfeit, pall, glut, overfeed, cloy, gorge.

satiety, n. satiation, surfeit, cloyment, over-fullness.

satire, n. irony, sarcasm, ridicule, lampoon, pasquinade.

satirical, a. bitter, sarcastic, ironical, caustic, mordacious.

satirize, v. lampoon, ridicule, lash.

satisfaction, n. gratification; contentment, complacency, content, comfort; reparation, indemnification, requital, reimbursement, recompense; atonement, amends. Antonyms: dissatisfaction, discontent.

satisfactory, a. sufficient, satisfying, conclusive, gratify, ing, atoning.

satisfy, v. gratify, content, appease, satiate, suffice; indemnify, repay.

sauce, n. (Low) sauciness, impertinence, insolence, rudeness

saucy, a. impertinent, insolent, pert, impudent, malapert, flippant.

saunter, v. loiter, linger, straggle, lounge, stroll, delay, dawdle, lag.

savable, a. salvable.

savage, a. uncivilized, barbarous; ferocious, ravenous, fierce, untamed; brutal, fell, truculent, implacable, atrocious, ferocious, inhuman.

savage, n. barbarian; cannibal.

savages, n. pl. Associated Words: agriology, agriologist.

save, v. rescue, deliver, redeem; preserve, conserve, keep; reserve, hoard, garner; economize, husband; spare, obviate, prevent, forefend, shield, protect.

save, prep. or conj. except, excepting, reserving.

saving, a. preserving, redemptory, redeeming; preservative, conservative; frugal, thrifty, economical, provident, sparing, choice, chary. Antonyms: lavish, extravagant, prodigal, unthrifty, profuse, wasteful.

saving, n. treasure, hoard, reserve; exception, reservation, salvation, rescue, redemption, deliverance; preservation, conservation; salvage.

savingness, n. frugality, parsimony, thrift, providence, economy, chariness. Antonyms: extravagance, prodigality, improvidence.

savory, a. gustable, palatable, toothsome, fragrant. Antonyms: unsavory, impalatable.

savvy, v. (Slang) understand, comprehend.—n. understanding, comprehension.

saw, n. maxim, adage, apothegm. See saying.

sawbones, n. (Nickname) surgeon.

sawer, n. sawyer.

saw tooth. serration, serrature, serrulation.

saw-toothed, a. serrate, serrated, serrulate.

say, v. utter, express, mention, pronounce, speak, declare, tell, articulate, recite, rehearse; state, assert, affirm, allege, aver, asseverate, predicate, cite; suppose, assume, presume.

saying, n. utterance, declaration, statement, pronunciation, mention, assertion, affirmation, citation, averment, asseveration, alleging, recital, rehearsal.

saying, n. maxim, saw, proverb, apothegm, aphorism, adage, dictum, precept, axiom, motto, quotation.

scab, n. eschar, incrustation; mange.

scabby, a. scabbed, scaly, scabious, mangy.

scaffold, n. staging, scaffolding; gallows.

scalawag, n. (Slang) scamp, rascal, rogue, scapegrace, miscreant, scoundrel, villain, caitiff, varlet.

scale, n. flake, lamina, leprosity, lamella, squama, incrustation.

scale, n. (Mus.) gamut, sol-fa. Associated Words: diatonic, chromatic, tonic.

scale, n. (Bot.) squamula, lodicule; fulcrum.

scale, v. exfoliate, desquamate; climb, ascend, mount, clamber, escalade.

scales, n. pl. balance; steelyards, Roman balance.

scalloped, a. pinked; crenate, crenated (Bot.).

scaly, a. flaky, squamose, leprose, squamoid, scurvy; (Low) mean, low, contemptible, scurvy, despicable.

scamble, v. sprawl, wabble, shamble; scramble, jostle.

scamp, v. (Colloq.) slight, skimp.

scamp, n. rascal, knave, miscreant, caitiff, scapegrace, scoundrel.

scamper, v. hasten away, scud, hie, run, scuttle, scatter.

scandal, n. reproach, opprobrium, disgrace, odium, shame; slander.

scandalize, v. shock, offend, displease; disgrace; slander, defame, vilify.

scandalous, a. defamatory, libellous, slanderous; infamous, disgraceful, opprobrious, shameful, disreputable.

scant, a. scanty, meager, insufficient, inadequate; sparing, saving, chary.

scant, v. limit, straiten, stint.

scantness, n. smallness, narrowness, inadequacy, insufficiency, meagerness, scantiness.

scanty, a. insufficient, inadequate, meager; sparing, illiberal, niggardly.

scapegrace, n. rogue, scamp, blacksheep, miscreant.

scar, n. cicatrix, seam, cicatrice; blemish, disfigurement, flaw. Associated Words: cicatricial, cicatrisive, cicatrizant, cicatrize, cicatrization, escharotic.

scarce, a. rare, unplentiful, deficient.

scarcity, n. dearth, deficiency, insufficiency, lack, drought, rarity, paucity.

scare, v. frighten, intimidate, terrify, daunt, cow, appall, startle, affright, alarm, browbeat, dismay, terrorize, overawe. Antonym: reassure.

scare, n. fright, alarm, terror, panic, consternation.

scarecrow, n. guy, effigy; ragamuffin.

scarf, n. muffler, tippet, neckcloth, neckerchief, cravat, necktie, maniple.

scarfskin, n. epidermis, cuticle.

scary, a. (Colloq.) timid, apprehensive, alarming, frightful.

scatter, v. dissipate, disperse, dispel, separate; intersperse.

scatter-brained, a. giddy, thoughtless, flighty, careless.

scattering, a. scattered, sporadic.

scattering, n. dissipation, dispersion; interspersion.

scene, n. spectacle, show, exhibition, display, view, scenery.

scenery, n. view, landscape, prospect.

scent, n. odor, smell, perfume; flair. See smell.

scepter, n. royal mace, sovereignty.

schedule, n. list, catalogue, table.

scheme, n. design, plan, project, machination, intrigue, cabal; outline, draught, arrangement, plan, system.

scheme, v. devise, excogitate, plan, machinate, plot, design.

schemer, n. plotter, intriguer, machinator, intrigant, planner, contriver.

scheming, a. artful, designing, intriguing, Machiavelian, tricky, wily, insidious. Antonyms: guileless, undesigning, artless.

schismatic, a. dissentious, heretical, dissentient, schismatical.

schismatic, n. nonconformist, dissenter, separatist, heretic, sectary.

scholar, n. pupil, student, learner, disciple; savant, philomath.

scholarly, a. scholarlike, erudite, scholastic.

scholarship, n. erudition, learning, knowledge, attainments, polymathy.

school, n. institute, academy, seminary, college, gymnasium conservatory, university; denomination, sect; shoal; clinic.

school, v. train, educate, drill, teach.

schooling, n. education, training, nurture, discipline; tuition.

scientist, n. savant.

scintilla, n. iota, trace, whit, particle, mite, bit, tittle, jot, scrap, atom.

scion, n. descendant, heir; shoot, sprout.

scoff, v. deride, ridicule, mock, sneer, gibe, jeer, contemn.

scoffer, n. derider, ridiculer, mocker, sneerer, scorner, contemner, jeerer.

scoffery, n. mockery, derision, ridicule, jeering.

scold, v. chide, berate, censure, reprimand, blame, reprove, brawl, lecture, reprehend, vituperate, rate, rebuke, declaim against.

scold, n. shrew, vixen, virago, termagant, rixatrix, Xantippe.

scolding, n. chiding, censure, rating, reprimand, reprehension, rebuke, berating.

scolding, a. berating, chiding, censorious, shrewish, reprehensory, termagant.

scoop, n. ladle; cavity, hollow; stroke, sweep, swoop.

scope, n. design, purpose; opportunity, space, room, liberty; extent, compass, purview.

scorch, v. singe, char, torrefy, burn, parch.

score, n. tally, account; notch, incision; motive, account, reason, sake, consideration, behalf; line, groove; twenty.

score, v. notch, scratch, cut; record, enter.

scorn, n. contempt, disdain, derision, contumely, mockery, slight.

scorn, v. despise, reject, contemn, disregard, scout, spurn.

scornful, a. disdainful, contemptuous, contumelious, defiant.

Scotch, n. Gaelic.

Scotchman, n. Scot, Scotsman, Caledonian, Gael, Celt.

Scotland, n. Scotia, Caledonia.

scoundrel, n. villain, knave, rascal, scamp, rogue, caitiff, reprobate, cheat, swindler, libertine, miscreant, bezonian, vagabond, wretch.

scoundrelism, n. villainy, turpitude, knavery, rascality.

scourge, n. affliction, infliction, bane, punishment.

scout, v. disdain, flout, contemn, scorn, spurn, scoff, ridicule.

scout, n. spy.

scowl, v. glower, frown, lower.—n. frown.

scowling, a. sullen, glowering, frowning, lowering.

scraggy, a. scragged, craggy; scrawny, lank, gaunt, skinny, angular.

scramble, v. scrabble, clamber; struggle, contend, strive.

scrap, n. bit, fragment, morsel, crumb; excerpt, extract; pl. cracklings.

scrapbook, n. commonplace book, album.

scrape, n. difficulty, predicament, dilemma.

scrape, v. abrade, rasp, grate, rub; gather, collect; erase, remove.

scraper, n. rasper.

scrappy, a. fragmentary, disconnected, inconsistent.

scratch, v. scrape; scribble; erase, expunge; scarify.

scratch, a. (Slang) haphazard, chance, improvised.

scrawl, n. scribble.

scrawny, a. (Colloq.) angular, lank, meager, scraggy, bony, rawboned, gaunt.

screak, n. creaking, screech, squeak.—v. screech, creak, squeak.

scream, n. shriek, screech, yell, outcry.

screech, n. shriek, scream, screak.

screechy, a. discordant, unmelodious, unmusical, strident.

screed, n. tirade, diatribe, harangue.

screen, n. shield, protection, guard, defense, traverse, fender; mask, disguise; sieve, riddle; jube, parclose, rood screen; pavesade.

screen, v. shield, defend, protect, cover, conceal, cloak, hide; sift, riddle.

screw, v. twist, wrench, force, squeeze; oppress, rack; distort.

screw, n. extortioner, skinflint.

scribe, n. writer, scrivener, amanuensis, copyist.

scrimmage, n. skirmish, scuffle, scrabble, row, fight.

scrimp, v. limit, straiten, scant, stint.

scrimp, a. scanty.

scrofula, n. king's evil. Associated Words: scrofulide, scrofulous.

scrotum, n. cod. Associated Words: scrotal, varicocele, spermatic cord, pneumatocele, gubernaculum, cirsotomy, dartos, urocele, sarcocele, mesorchium, scrotocele, vas deferens, suspensory.

scrub, n. jungle, thicket, brushwood.

scrubby, a. stunted, dwarfed, undeveloped, scrub, insignificant.

scrumptious, a. (Slang) fine, elegant, excellent, fastidious, particular.

scruple, n. hesitation, doubt; twenty grains.

scrupulous, a. conscientious, exact, strict, punctilious, particular.

scuffle, n. tussle, struggle, encounter, contest, fight, fray.

scullion, n. menial.

sculpture, n. statuary.

scum, n. dross, recrement, refuse, waste, froth.—v. despumate.

scurrilous, a. indecent, scurrile, opprobrious, insulting, abusive.

scurry, v. hurry, scamper, scuddle, scuttle.

scurry, a. despicable, abject, low, mean, contemptible.

scurvy, n. scorbutus.

scuttle, n. coal hod; manhole.

scuttle, v. scuddle, hurry, bustle, run.

scythe, n. Associated Words: swath, snath.

scythestone, n. whetstone.

sea, n. Associated Words: marine, naval, maritime, nautical, Davy Jones, pelagic, pelagian, loom, looming, submarine, ultramarine, rote, frith, estuary, fiord, kraken, Triton, haliography, haliographer, hydrography, thalassography, marinorama, nereid, mirage, nautilus, thalassotherapy.

seacoast, n. seaboard, seashore, seaside, beach, strand, seamarge.

sea cow. manatee; dugong; walrus.

sea fight. naval battle, naumachy.

sea horse. hippocampus; walrus.

sea king. Norse pirate chief, Viking (pirate).

seal, n. Associated Words: rookery, pup.

seal, n. signet; assurance, ratification, attestation, authentication, confirmation; cachet (seal of a letter); breloque (jewel). Associated Words: sphragistics, sigillography, sigillate.

seal, v. ratify, authenticate, confirm, attest.

sea letter. passport, sea pass.

sealing, n. confirmation, ratification, authentication, attestation, obsignation.

seam, n. suture, commissure; layer, stratum.

seamaid, n. mermaid, sea-nymph, siren.

seaman, n. sailor, seafarer, mariner, tarpaulin, tar, salt, sea dog, Jacky, beachcomber; merman; midshipman, middy, skipper, cockswain, pilot, navigator.

sear, v. cauterize, scorch.

sear, a. dry, withered, dead, sere.

search, v. examine, explore, hunt, seek, overhaul; rummage, ransack, ferret; scrutinize, probe, sift.

search, n. quest, research, pursuit.

searcher, n. seeker.

searchless, a. unsearchable, impenetrable, inscrutable.

seared, a. scorched, cauterized; callous, case-hardened.

searing, n. scorching, cautery, cauterization, cauterizing. Associated Words: cauter, cauterant, cauterism, cautery.

seashore, n. seacoast, seaside, seaboard.

seasickness, n. nausea, mal de mer.

sea soldier. marine.

season, v. habituate, inure, harden, accustom, acclimatize, acclimate; dry, mature; flavor, spice.

seasonable, a. opportune, timely, suitable, apropos, convenient.

seasoning, n. condiment, spice, relish, sauce, flavor, salt, hautgout.

seat, n. site, abode, situation, station; fundament, buttocks, bottom, breech; chair, sofa, tete-a-tete, divan, settee; banquette, dickey, rumble; bench, form; pew.

seat, v. usher.

seaweeds, n. pl. algae, dulse, sea lettuce, confervae, wrack; sargasso; kelp, fucus, rockweed. Associated Words: algology, algous, fucivorous, fucoid, fucoidal, fucosol, laver, barilla, phycology, phycography, varec, rhabdolith.

secluded, a. sequestered, isolated, retired, withdrawn, covert, lonely.

seclusion, n. sequestration, isolation, solitude, loneliness, retirement.

second, n. backer, supporter, assistant.—v.. back, support, abet.

secondary, a. subordinate, second, inferior, minor, collateral.

secondary, n. subordinate, deputy, delegate, proxy, underling, auxiliary.

second-class, a. inferior, second-rate.

second son. Associated Word: secundogeniture.

second sight. prophetic vision, deuteroscopy.

second thought. reconsideration.

secrecy, n. seclusion, privacy, retirement, concealment, confidence.

secret, a. mystery, arcanum; pl. confidences; pl. genitals; pl. penetralia. Associated Words: secretive, secretory, confide, confidential.

secret, a. hidden, concealed, unrevealed, mysterious, cryptic, recondite, occult, esoteric, cabalistic, abstruse, unknown, latent; secluded, privy, withdrawn, retired, covert, private, sequestered; stealthy, underhand, clandestine, sly, surreptitious, confidential, undetected. Antonyms: overt, revealed, open, exoteric, manifest.

secretary, n. amanuensis, clerk, writer, scribe; writing-desk, escritoire, scrutoire. Associated Words: secretarial, secretariat, portfolio.

secrete, v. bury, hide, conceal, shroud, disguise, cloak.

secretion, n. concealment, hiding.

secretive, a. uncommunicative, taciturn, reserved, silent, wary.

secretiveness, n. taciturnity, reserve, silence, uncommunicativeness, wariness.

secret language. cryptology, argot, flash.

secret name. cryptonym.

secrets, n. pl. confidences, mysteries; arcana, penetralia.

secret science. esoterics, cabala.

secret vice. masturbation, onanism, self-abuse.

secret writing. cryptography, cipher, steganography, cryptogram.

sect, n. school, party, denomination.

sectarian, a. denominational.

section, n. portion, part, division, segment, piece; paragraph.

secular, a. temporal, worldly, laic, civil.

secure, a. safe, confident, assured, fast, immovable, stable, indemnified. Antonyms: insecure, risky, hazardous.

secure, v. gain, procure, obtain, get, acquire; fasten, moor; guarantee, ensure, insure, assure, indemnify; defend, guard, shield, protect.

security, n. safety, confidence, assurance, certainty; warranty, surety, indemnification, pledge, indemnity, bond, guarantee, vadium; defense, protection, bulwark.

sedate, a. staid, demure, imperturbable, composed, calm.

sedative, a. composing, soothing, anodyne.

sedative, n. anaesthetic, narcotic, opiate, hypnotic.

sediment, n. precipitate, dregs, lees, settlings, grounds, feculence.

sedition, n. rebellion, revolt, insurrection, riot, mutiny, insubordination.

seditious, a. rebellious, insubordinate, insurgent, mutinous.

seduce, v. entice, tempt, betray, allure.

seducement, n. seduction, enticement.

seducer, n. Lothario.

seduction, n. enticement, temptation, allurement, lure.

seductive, a. alluring, attractive, siren, enticing.

see, v. perceive, descry, view, behold, witness, espy; discern, distinguish, observe, note, notice, observe, understand, grasp; watch, regard, look after; accompany, escort; interview, visit. Antonyms: overlook, ignore, miss, skip, connive at.

seed, n. semen, sperm; first principle, origin, source.

seed, n. kernel, grain, pip, ovule. Associated Words: carpology, spermologist, seminal, semination, seminific, spermophyte, angiosperm, pericarp, angiospermous, carpolite, germinate, germination, achene, carpel, spermophyta, silique, silicle, weevil, chorion, testa, tegmen, endopleura, capsule, pod.

seedy, a. (Colloq.) shabby, tacky, threadbare; spiritless.

seeing, n. perception, viewing, espial, descrying, beholding; discernment, observation, comprehension; sight, vision. Antonyms: imperception, blindness, connivance. See sight.

seek, v. search for, hunt; aim at, strive after, attempt.

seeming, n. appearance, show, semblance, speciousness, guise, look.

seemingly, adv. apparently, ostensibly.

seemly, a. becoming, suitable, proper, appropriate, meet, befitting.

seep, v. percolate.

seer, n. prophet, vaticinator, predictor, diviner.

seething, a. boiling, ebullient.

segment, n. section, part, portion, piece; (Biol.) metamere, somite, somatome.

seize, v. apprehend, snatch, clutch, catch, gripe, grasp, grapple; arrest; confiscate, usurp, appropriate; distrain, distress.

seizure, n. apprehension, grasping; capture; confiscation, usurpation.

seldom, adv. infrequently, rarely.

select, v. pick out, choose, prefer, cull, single out, elect.—a. choice. Antonyms: promiscuous, indiscriminate.

selecting, a. elective, eclectic.

selection, n. choice, election, preference, pick; collection, assortment. Antonyms: promiscuity, indiscrimination.

self, n. ego, person, individual. Associated Words: egoism, egoist, egoistic, egotism, egotist, egotistical.

self-abasement, n. self-degradation, humility, meekness.

self-abuse, n. masturbation, onanism, secret vice, self-pollution.

self-acting, a. automatic.

self-conceit, n. egotism, overweening, priggishness, vanity.

self-conceited, a. egotistical, vain, overweening, priggish, opinionated, bumptious, conceited.

self-consumption, n. autophagy.

self-defense, n. Associated Word:: jujutsu.

self-deification, n. autotheism.

self-denial, n. self-abnegation, asceticism, self-sacrifice, abstemiousness. Antonyms: self-indulgence, sensuality, voluptuousness.

self-denying, a. self-sacrificing, unselfish, ascetic, abstemious.

self-evident, a. axiomatic, obvious.

self-examination, n. introspection; autoscopy.

self-explanatory, a. obvious.

self-fear, n. self-distrust, autophoby.

self-fertilization, n. autogamy.

self-government, n. self-control; democracy; autonomy. Antonyms: subjection, heteronomy, abandon, subordination.

self-heating, a. idiothermic.

self-importance, n. pompousness, pomposity, vanity, conceit.

self-important, a. pompous, vain, opinionated, bumptious.

selfish, a. ungenerous, narrow, illiberal, uncharitable.

self-knowledge, n. autology.

self-murderer, n. suicide, felo-de-se.

self-possessed, a. composed, unruffled, sedate, calm, collected.

self-possession, n. composure, equanimity, calmness, aplomb. Antonyms: discomposure, agitation.

self-righteous, a. pharisaic, sanctimonious.

self-sufficiency, n. self-complacency.

self-taught person. autodidact, automath.

self-worship, n. autolatry, idiolatry.

sell, v. vend, barter, exchange; betray; (Slang) deceive, impose upon, cheat.

sell, n. (Slang) imposition, cheat, hoax, deception, trick, fraud.

seller, n. vender, vendor.

selling, n. vendition, barter, vending, sale.

selvedge, n. listing.

semen, n. sperm, seed. Associated Words: seminal, spermatic, spermatism, gonic, aspermatism, aspermia, seminific, seminiferous, spermatoid, spermatozoid, spermic, spermary, spermatorrhea, spermatozoa, emission, vesiculae seminales, fecundate.

semicircle, n. hemicycle.

send, v. dispatch, commission, delegate; transmit, forward.

send back. return, remand, recommit.

sending back. return, remand, remandment, recommitment.

senile, a. decrepit, feeble, aged, infirm.

senility, n. dotage, decrepitude, old age.

seniority, n. eldership, superiority.

sensation, n. consciousness, feeling, perception; excitement. Associated Words: aesthesiology, sensorium, sentient, sensific, sensory, sentiency, insentient, sensifacient, sensiferous, sensificatory, sensitive, aesthesiometer, aesthesiogen, catalepsy, anaesthesia.

sensational, a. melodramatic, emotional, exciting, thrilling.

sense, n. perception, sensation, sensibility, feeling, aesthesia; apprehension, understanding; wisdom, sagacity; judgment, notion, opinion, sentiment, view; conviction, consciousness. Associated Words: aesthematology, aesthesiography, sensuous, sensual, sensuality, sensuousness.

sense, v. (Colloq.) perceive, recognize.

senseless, a. insensible, unconscious; absurd, silly, nonsensical, inept, foolish, idiotic, fatuous, unwise.

senselessness, n. insensibility, unconsciousness; fatuity, absurdity.

sensibility, n. susceptibility, sensitiveness, delicacy, feeling, emotion.

sensible, a. apprehensible, perceptible; susceptible, impressible, conscious, cognizant, aware; wise, judicious, discreet, intelligent. Antonyms: insensible, unconscious.

sensitive, a. susceptible, impressible, sentient, irritable.

sensual, a. unspiritual, carnal, fleshly, sensuous; voluptuous, luxurious, sybaritic, wanton, licentious, self-indulgent.

sensualist, n. voluptuary, epicure, sybarite.

sensuality, n. voluptuousness, carnality, sybaritism; wantonness, licentiousness, self-gratification.

sensuous, a. sensual. Antonym: insensuous.

sentence, n. opinion, decision, determination, judgment; axiom, maxim, precept, posy, adage, epigram, apothegm, saying.

sententious, a. terse, pithy, laconic, epigrammatic.

sentient, a. sensitive, perceptive, conscious, susceptible. Antonyms: insentient, insusceptible.

sentiment, n. thought, feeling; judgment, notion, opinion; maxim, saying, toast; sensibility, susceptibility.

sentimental, a. romantic, impressible, emotional, lackadaisical. Antonyms: unsentimental, matter-of-fact, pragmatical.

sentinel, n. guard, sentry, watchman, picket, vidette, perdue. Associated Word: cordon.

separable, a. divisible, detachable, severable, partible. Antonym: inseparable.

separate, v. divide, dissolve, detach, sunder, sever, disconnect, part, disjoin, withdraw, rend, dissociate, disengage, isolate, disunite, eliminate, disintegrate, segregate, scatter, disperse, dissipate, sequester, cleave, insulate, dissever, deglutinate.

separate, a. detached, disconnected, disjoined, separated, apart, distinct, isolated, segregated, disunited, severed, withdrawn.

separation, n. division, segregation, disunion, disconnection, sequestration, disjunction, dissolution, disengagement, disintegration, insulation, isolation, rupture, dissociation, divorce, analysis, decomposition, detachment, demarcation, severance, partition, deglutination.

separatist, n. nonconformist, dissenter, sectary, schismatic.

sequel, n. continuation, conclusion, consequence, result, outcome.

sequence, n. succession, series, following; result, sequel, consequence.

sequestered, a. secluded.

sere, a. dry, withered, sear.

serenade, n. nocturne; (burlesque) charivari, callithump.

serene, a. calm, placid, composed, tranquil, unruffled, unclouded.

serenity, n. calmness, composure, tranquillity; cloudlessness, clearness.

serf, n. bondman, thrall, slave, bond servant, villein.

serfdom, n. thralldom, slavery, subjection, bondage, servitude.

serious, a. grave, earnest, thoughtful, solemn, staid, sober, demure, saturnine; momentous, important, weighty, grave; dangerous, alarming, critical.

seriousness, n. gravity. Antonyms: levity, frivolity, triviality.

sermon, n. homily, exhortation (religious), discourse. Associated words: homiletics, homiletic, homilist.

serpent, n. snake, reptile, ophidian; basilisk, cockatrice, amphisbaena. Associated Words: ophiology, ophiolatry, ophiophagous, ophiography, herpetology, ophidian, ophiologic, ophiomorphous, herpetologist, herpetotomy, herpetotomist, ophiologist, ophiomancy, echidna, echidnine, fang, uraeus, serpentry, reptilian, anguiform, anguine.

serpentine, a. serpentlike, subtle, sinuous, winding, zigzag, tortuous.

servant, n. dependent, subaltern, subordinate, helper, servitor, attendant, retainer; domestic, maid, menial, drudge, valet, flunky, groom, coistril, lackey, underling, fag, coolie, butler, factotum, orderly, soubrette, equerry.

serve, v. attend, wait upon; promote, advance, contribute, conduce to; subserve; treat, requite; satisfy, suffice, content, answer, do; deal, distribute.

service, n. labor, employment, office, duty, business, function, ministry; ritual, ceremony, rite; advantage, benefit, avail, use, utility; homage, obeisance.

servile, a. slavish, abject, cringing, groveling, obsequious; dependent, enslaved.

servitude, n. bondage, enslavement.

set, v. place, put, fix, establish, locate, station; adjust, regulate, adapt; oppose, obstruct; appoint, assign.

set, a. fixed, immovable, rigid, firm, obstinate, inflexible, unyielding; regular, uniform, established, prescribed, ordained, appointed.

set, n. clique, group, class, party, coterie, circle, band, company.

set aside. displace, supersede.

setback, n. (Colloq.) backset, check, repulse, reverse, relapse.

set-off, n. offset; counterclaim, equivalent.

set-out, n. display, equipage, rig, turnout; (Colloq.) preparations.

settle, v. fix, establish; ordain, install; adjust, determine, decide; sink, subside, fall; precipitate; quiet, calm, pacify, tranquillize; colonize, people.

settlement, n. establishment; ordination, installation; colonization, colony; adjustment; subsidence.

settler, n. pioneer, colonist.

settlings, n. pl. sediment, dregs, lees, precipitate, grounds, feculence; foots.

set-to, n. (Colloq.) contest, conflict, encounter, combat, fight, scrimmage.

seven, n. heptade. Associated Words: septenary, septuple, septette, septenate, septemvirate, septemvir, heptarchy.

sevenfold, a. septuple.

seven languages. Associated Word: heptaglot.

seven-sided, a. heptagonal, septilateral.

seven-sided figure. heptagon, heptahedron.

seventy, n. Associated Words: septuagenary, septuagesimal, Septuagint.

seventy years. Associated Words: septuagenarian, septuagenary.

seven years. septennate. Associated Words: septennial, septennially, septenary.

sever, v. part, divide, disunite, separate, disjoin, detach, disconnect.

several, a. various, diverse, manifold, divers, sundry.

severe, a. drastic, harsh, stern, rigorous, exact, cruel; serious, sedate, grave, austere, sober; distressing, afflictive, sharp, acute, violent, intense; inexorable, stern, exacting, peremptory, unrelenting, unmerciful; plain, austere, unembellished, unadorned; methodical, strict, precise, exact.

severity, n. rigor, rigorousness, harshness, exactness, cruelty; seriousness, gravity; violence, intensity, acuteness; austerity, simplicity, plainness; exactness, strictness, preciseness.

sew, v. stitch; baste.

sewer, n. Associated Words: sewerage, sewage.

sewing woman. seamstress.

sex, n. Associated Words: sexual, gender, bisexual, unisexual, epicene, hermaphrodite, hermaphroditism, androgyne, androgyny, gonad.

sexless, a. asexual, agamous.

sexton, n. janitor (of a church), sacristan, sacrist.

sexual desire. lust, venereal appetite, sexual appetite, carnal appetite, lasciviousness, venery, concupiscence, salacity, salaciousness, aphrodisia; satyriasis (immoderate); nymphomania (morbid in women); (of animals) oestrus, rut, heat, oestruation. Antonym: anaphrodisia. Associated Words: aphrodisiac, antaphrodisiac, anaphrodisiac, aphrodisiacal, amative, amativeness, amorous, amorousness, amatory, antiorgastic, philter, oestrual, sedative, erotic, erotomania, sadism, satyromaniac.

sexual intercourse. coition, copulation, venery, sexual conjunction; (illicit) fornication, bawdry; prostitution, putage; adultery; incest; rape; (unnatural) sodomy, buggery, pederasty; (of birds) tread. Antonyms: continence, chastity, virginity. Associated Words: venereal, incontinence, incontinent, unchastity, copulatory, gonorrhea, clap, syphilis, cenogamy, infibulation, intromittent, access, nonaccess, orgasm, fecundation, impregnate, impregnation, copulate, lecher, lechery, lecherous, libertine, libertinism, house of assignation, bawd, procurer, bawdry, pander, catamite.

sexual love. venery, amorousness, amativeness.

sexual organs. genitals, privates, private parts, organs of generation, pudenda, virilia; (male) penis, testicles; (female external) vulva, pudendum; (internal) womb, uterus, ovaries, vagina, clitoris. Associated Words: agamic, agamous, protandric, protandrism, nympha, maidenhead, pudic, pubes, spermatheca, gonad, masturbation, infibulation.

sexual power. virility; fecundity. Associated Word: emasculate.

sexual weakness. (male) impotency, sexual debility, invirility, emasculation, eviration; (female) sterility, defemination, infecundity.

shabby, a. seedy, threadbare, tacky (Colloq.); mean, despicable, scurvy, contemptible.

shack, n. (Colloq.) vagabond, tramp, loafer; hut, shanty, hovel, cabin.

shackle, n. handcuff, manacle, fetter.

shackle, v. manacle, hamper, fetter; impede, trammel.

shade, n. umbrage, shadow; pl. darkness, obscurity, gloom, shadows; retreat, seclusion; screen, protection, curtain, awning, blind; spirit, ghost, specter, phantom, manes; minute difference, variation, nuance.

shade, v. screen; obscure, dim, obfuscate, cloud, darken, eclipse.

shadow, n. shade, darkness, penumbra, adumbration; prefiguration. Associated Words: sciagraphy, sciomachy, periscian, silhouette, sciomancy.

shadow, v. shade, screen; adumbrate, typify, symbolize; cloud, obscure.

shadowy, a. unsubstantial, visionary, illusory, chimerical.

shady, a. umbrageous, shadowy, umbriferous; sheltered, screened; (Colloq.) equivocal, questionable, corrupt.

shaft, n. arrow, spear, missile; column, obelisk; handle, helve; spire, pinnacle; pole, tongue, thill; axis.

shake, v. agitate, jar, jolt, convulse, concuss, jounce, dodder, tremble, trill, shiver, totter, joggle, jiggle, wave, vibrate, shudder.

shake, n. jar, shivering, jolt, shaking, shudder.

shaking, n. concussion, agitation, disturbance, trembling, convulsion.

shaky, a. trembling, shaking; (Colloq.) unsound, tottering.

shallow, a. shoal; superficial, frivolous, senseless.

sham, n. pretense, feint, delusion, imposition, mockery, fraud, imitation, dissimulation, simulation.

sham, a. counterfeit, spurious, pretended, dummy, unreal false, mock, simulated.

sham, v. feign, pretend, imitate, personate, dissimulate.

shame, n. ignominy, dishonor, reproach, derision, contempt discredit, opprobrium, scandal, disgrace, obloquy; mortification, abashment, humiliation, discomfiture; modesty, decency.

shame, v. humiliate, mortify, disconcert; disgrace, degrade; mock, deride, ridicule.

shamefaced, a. bashful, diffident, modest.

shameful, a. indecent, immodest, obscene; scandalous, disgraceful, reproachful, ignominious, infamous, flagitious, disreputable, vile, opprobrious.

shameless, a. immodest, unabashed, indelicate, indecent, unblushing, audacious, brazen-faced, abandoned, graceless.

shammy, n. chamois.

shanty, n. hut, hovel, shack.

shape, v. form, mould, fashion, frame; adjust, regulate, design, plan, arrange.

shape, n. form, figure, guise, appearance.

shapeless, a. misshapen, unsymmetrical, unshapely, formless, amorphous.

shapely, a. symmetrical, well-formed, comely, well-proportioned.

share, v. apportion, divide; partake, participate in.

share, n. portion, allotment, quota, dole, proportion, contingent, dividend.

sharer, n. participator, partaker; divider, distributor.

shark, n. (Colloq.) sharper, trickster, cheat, swindler; fraud, trickery.

sharp, a. pointed, trenchant, incisive, keen; poignant, piercing, acute, penetrating, severe, excruciating, intense, subtile, violent; biting, sarcastic, acrimonious, acrid, cutting; sagacious, clever, perspicacious, ingenious, bright, discerning, resourceful, astute, shrewd, apt, smart, long-headed, acuminous; fierce, fiery, unquenchable, eager; exacting, close; steep, abrupt, precipitous; pungent, piquant peppery, high-seasoned: shrill, piercing; peaked, ridged.

sharpen, v. intensify, aggravate, quicken; hone, grind, point, whet.

sharpening stone. whetstone, hone, oilstone, grindstone, abradant.

sharper, n. trickster, swindler, knave, cheat, extortioner, blackleg.

sharpness, n. keenness, poignancy, acuity, acuteness, edge; asperity, acrimony, impatience; acumen, sagacity, shrewdness, astuteness, aptness; pungency, piquancy.

sharp practice. trickery, chicanery.

sharp-sighted, a. eagle-eyed, acute, perspicacious, argus-eyed.

shatter, v. shiver, demolish; disorder, derange.

shave, n. shaving; spokeshave, drawshave.

sheath, n. case, scabbard; covering.

shed, v. diffuse, emit, radiate, spread; cast, exuviate, moult, mew, discard; doff.

shed, n. outhouse, lean-to, shack, shanty.

shedding, n. (skins, shells, etc.) exuviation, ecdysis, moulting.

she-devil, n. Jezebel, fury, virago, termagant.

sheen, n. shine, luster, gloss, brightness, splendor.

sheep, n. Ovis, Ovis aries; (male) ram, buck; (female) ewe; (young) lamb, eanling; (castrated ram) wether; (leader of the flock) bellwether; hoggerel, hogget. Associated Words: bleat, braxy, gid, mutton, flock, ovine, shepherd, shepherdess, cosset, raddle, yean, ean, lowbell, abigeat, sheepcote, fold.

sheep-dog, n. collie, shepherd dog.

sheepish, a. bashful, shy, over-modest.

sheepskin, n. sheep-pelt, pelt, woolfell; roan; (Cant) diploma. Associated Words: fellmonger, woolpuller, skiver, budge.

sheer, a. thin; unadulterated, pure, unmixed; precipitous, abrupt, perpendicular.

shelf, n. mantel, mantelpiece; bracket, console; ledge, shallow, shoal; banquette.

shell, n. shuck, putamen; test, testa, episperm, spermoderm. Associated Words: scleroid, enucleate, enucleation, inenucleable.

shell, n. armature, case, exoskeleton, shale; carapace, plastron; cockle, conch, periwinkle, cowrie, whelk, mitre shell, abilone shell; exuviae (cast-off); conchite (fossil). Associated Words: conchology, conchologist, malacology, testaceous, cockled, mollusk, conchiferous, conchiform conchometer, conchometry, crustacean, exuvial, exuviate, exuviation, Loricata, bivalve, multivalve, univalve.

shell, n. framework; bomb, torpedo, shrapnel, grenade.

shell, v. hull, shuck, shale, enucleate; bombard, besiege.

shellfish, n. pl. Mollusks, Mollusca, Testacea.

shell money. wampum, hiagua, peag, colcol, kopkops, seawan, suckanhock.

shelter, n. protection, screen, cover, shield, defense, covert, security, lee; asylum, refuge, retreat, haven, sanctuary.

shelter, v. shield, protect, defend, screen, ensconce, cover. Antonym: expose.

sheltered, a. protected, covert.

shepherd, n. pastor, pastoralist. Associated Words: bucolic, pastoral, staff, crook.

shibboleth, n. watchword, party cry.

shield, n. aegis, buckler, escutcheon, scutcheon, pavise, scutum; defense, protection, palladium, bulwark, safeguard. Associated Words: scutal, bouche.

shield, v. defend, protect, safeguard; ward off, repel.

shield-shaped, a. thyroid.

shift, v. veer, change, turn; quirk, quibble, palter; change, substitute.

shift, n. subterfuge, device, contrivance, evasion, stratagem, trick, dodge; resource, expedient, change, substitution; chemise.

shifting, a. unstable, variable, changeable.

shiftless, a. improvident, unthrifty, thriftless, wasteful. Antonyms: thrifty, industrious.

shilly-shally, adv. irresolutely, hesitatingly.

shilly-shally, n. hesitation, irresolution, indecision, vacillation, wavering, trifling, evasion, dalliance.

shilly-shally, v. hesitate, waver, trifle, dally, vacillate, dodge, be irresolute.

shin, n. shank.

shindy, n. (Slang) uproar, disturbance, riot, row; hockey; liking, fancy.

shine, v. beam, radiate, gleam, irradiate, glisten, glow, glitter, flare, glare; excel, surpass; polish.

shine, n. luster, polish, gloss, sheen, radiance, resplendence, brilliancy, lucency, glaze.

shine, n. (Slang) liking, fancy; caper, antic, dido.

shining, a. radiant, beaming, lustrous, luminous, glowing, brilliant, lucent, bright, sleek, glazed, glistening, splendent, resplendent, glossy, shiny; conspicuous, noticeable.

shining between. interlucent.

shining round. circumfulgent.

ship, n. vessel. Associated Words: barratry, hypothecate, hypothecation.

ship, v. transport; deport; (Colloq.) dismiss, send away.

shipbuilder, n. shipwright.

shipment, n. shipping, transportation; consignment.

ship mortgage. bottomry, hypothecation.

shipping, n. shipment, transportation; navigation.

shipwreck, n. wreckage; disaster, destruction, ruin, subversion, miscarriage. Associated Words: salvage, flotsam, jetsam, derelict, jettison.

shipwrecked person. castaway.

shirk, v. avoid, evade, neglect.

shirt, n. smock, chemise, shift, tunic, camise.

shiver, n. splinter, sliver; shivering, tremor, horripilation.

shoal, n. shallow, sandbank, bar.—a. shallow.

shock, v. dismay, horrify, appall, terrify, frighten; stook; astound, stun, paralyze, scandalize, outrage, offend.

shock, n. impact, blow, collision, concussion, onset, brunt, clash, percussion; stroke, blow; stook, hattock.

shocking, a. scandalous, appalling, offensive, outrageous, heinous, dire.

shod, p.p. and a. calced, calceated.

shoddy, a. (Colloq.) sham, spurious, mock.

shoddy, n. rag wool, mungo.

shoe, n. boot, balmoral, Goodyear welt, clog, sock, buskin, sandal, slipper, creedmore, Creole, stogy, chopine, brogan, blucher, bottine, moccasin, oxford, sabot, pump, cracowes, poulaine, racket.

shoemaker, n. crispin, cordwainer (Archaic).

shoe mender. cobbler.

shoe mending. cobbling.

shoestring, n. shoelace, latchet.

shoot, n. chute, shute, flume, channel.

shoot, n. tiller, sucker, sprout, offshoot, chit, twig, scion.

shoot, v. discharge, fire; eject, hurl, emit, ejaculate; protrude, project, extend, jut; germinate, sprout; penetrate, dart; fusillade; tiller.

shooting, a. darting, piercing.

shop, n. workshop, factory; store; warehouse; atelier, studio.

shore, n. beach, coast, strand, marge. Associated Words: littoral, circumlittoral, limicoline, shingle, beached.

shore, v. prop, brace, buttress, support, stay.

shorn, a. sheared, clipped; divested, deprived, fleeced.

short, a. brief, contracted, terse, concise, condensed, sententious, laconic, succinct, summary, epigrammatic, pithy; limited, inadequate, insufficient, deficient, scanty; abrupt, curt, uncivil; lacking, shy, unsupplied; crisp, friable, brittle. Antonyms: diffuse, prolix, long.

shortage, n. deficiency, insufficiency, inadequacy, deficit, ullage. Antonyms: See surplus.

short-billed, a. brevirostral, brevirostrate.

shortcoming, n. defect, imperfection, fault, foible, failure.

shorten, v. abridge, abbreviate, curtail, reduce, epitomize, contract, retrench, condense, diminish; limit, restrict, restrain, confine, circumscribe; dock, lop.

shortening, n. abbreviation, abridgment, contraction, curtailment, reduction, retrenchment.

shorthand, n. phonography, stenography.

short-headed, a. brachycephalous.

short-legged, a. breviped.

short-lived, a. ephemeral, mushroom, transitory.

shortness, n. brevity, briefness, conciseness, laconism, inadequacy, deficiency, insufficiency, shortage, deficit.

short-sighted, a. myopic, near-sighted; unwise, impudent, indiscreet.

short-sightedness, n. myopia, near-sightedness; unwisdom, imprudence, indiscretion.

short-sighted person. myope.

short-winged, a. brevipennate.

shot, n. discharge; projectile, bullet, ball; marksman; range, reach.

shoulder, n. Associated Words: epaulet, shrug, espauliere, scapular, scapulary, baldric, infrascapular, omagra.

shoulder, v. jostle, push; assume, bear.

shoulder blade. scapula, omoplate.

shout, n. vociferation, halloo, outcry, call, hoot, clamor, acclamation.

shout, v. vociferate, yell, halloo, call, clamor, acclaim.

show, n. exposure, exhibition, exposition, demonstration, representation; display, spectacle, ostentation, parade, pomp, flourish, splurge, pageantry, splendor: appearance, semblance; pretense, puppetry, speciousness, simulation.

show, v. exhibit, present, display, uncover, reveal, disclose, manifest, divulge, evince, proclaim; direct, guide, usher, conduct; demonstrate, explain, expound, exemplify; indicate, signify.

showing, n. demonstration, exhibition, presentation, revelation, disclosure, exposition, manifestation; direction, guidance, ushering; explanation, expounding, illustration, interpretation, indication, exemplification. Associated Words: ostensive, ostensible, exhibiting, expository.

showy, a. spectacular, pageant, ostentatious, pompous; garish, gaudy, meretricious, gorgeous, flashy, bedizened, gay, conspicuous, tinsel. Antonyms: inconspicuous, modest, unostentatious, quiet, subdued.

shred, n. fragment, tatter, rag, strip, frazzle.

shrew, n. scold, brawler, termagant, vixen, virago, Xantippe.

shrewd, a. astute, sharp; cunning, crafty, wily, artful, long-headed.

shrewdness, n. acumen, astuteness, sharpness, long-headedness.

shrewish, a. vixenish, termagant, brawling, clamorous.

shriek, n. screech, yell, scream.

shrill, a. piercing, acute, strident.

shrink, v. contract, shrivel, decrease, dwindle; flinch, recoil, blench, wince, winch.

shrinkage, n. contraction; (Colloq.) depreciation.

shrinking, a. coy, shy, diffident, bashful, modest, retiring.

shroud, n. winding-sheet, grave-clothes, cerements.

shroud, v. mask, screen, cloak, conceal.

shrub, n. bush; pl. shrubbery, thicket, boscage, bosket.

shuck, n. shell, husk, pod, shale.—v. shell, enucleate.

shudder, n. tremor.—v. tremble, shake, shiver, quake.

shuffle, v. jumble, intermix; equivocate, prevaricate, quibble, shift; shamble.

shuffle, n. artifice, evasion, prevarication, trick, sophism, ruse.

shun, v. avoid, elude, evade, eschew.

shut, v. close; debar, exclude, preclude; (shut up) confine, imprison, coop up, incarcerate, immure.

shy, a. timid, coy, backward, retiring, diffident, wary, cautious; (Slang) short, lacking.

shyness, n. diffidence, coyness, timidity, bashfulness.

shyster, n. (Slang) knave, impostor, rogue, cheat.

sick, a. ill, unwell, ailing, indisposed, diseased, morbid; nauseated, queasy, squeamish, qualmish; disgusted, surfeited, weary, palled, satiated.

sick, v. sick on, incite, urge.

sicken, v. nauseate, disgust, pall, surfeit, decay, languish.

sickening, a. nauseating, disgusting, fulsome, nauseous, revolting.

sickle-shaped, a. falcate, falcated.

sickly, a. invalid, unwell, unhealthy, ailing; unwholesome; pale, languid, haggard, puny, peaked.

sickness, n. illness, malady, ailment, complaint, disorder, distemper, morbidity, indisposition, invalidism, disease. Associated words: morbidity, morbific, malinger, malingerer, malingery, decumbiture, convalescent, convalescence, relapse, malaise, clinic.

sickness of stomach. nausea, qualm, qualmishness.

side, n. flank; faction, sect, party. Associated Words: lateral, laterality, laterally, collateral, bilateral, equilateral, quadrilateral, longilateral, lopsided, multilateral, perimeter, ambidexter, ambidextrous, ambidexterity.

side, a. lateral, collateral, incidental.

side by side. in apposition. Associated Words: apposition, juxtaposition, juxtapose, juxtaposit.

side dish. entree, entremets.

sidehill, n. descent, declivity, decline, slope.

sidelong, a. lateral, oblique.

sidesman, n. partisan.

sidetrack, v. shunt; (Colloq.) switch off, divert.

sideways, adv., sidewise, askance, obliquely, laterally.

sidewise, adv., sideways, askance.

siding, n. sidetrack, turnout; clapboards, weatherboarding.

siege, n. investment, blockade, besiegement. Associated Words: obsidional, besiege, beleaguer, obsess, obsession, beset.

Siena marble. brocatel.

sieve, n. strainer, sifter, bolt, bolter, riddle, tammis, tammy.

sievelike, a. cribrate, cribrose, cribriform.

sift, v. bolt, cribble, riddle; investigate.

sifting, n. bolting; (Pharm.) cribration; investigation.

sigh, n. suspiration.—v. suspire.

sight, n. vision; seeing, view, perception; visibility; spectacle, phenomenon, panorama, vista, gapeseed, cynosure; (Colloq.) great number, many, multitude, great quantity. Associated Words: optics, optical, optic, ocular, optician, caligo, astigmatism, perimeter, perimetry, amaurosis, visual, visualize, apparition.

sightly, a. comely, attractive, handsome.

sign, n. omen, auspice, portent, prodigy, prognostic, augury, foretoken, presage; mark, token, indication, symptom, index, emblem, symbol; trace, vestige, ensign, signal, beacon; gesture, motion; signature. Associated Words: ominous, portentous, augurial, semeiology, semeiological, sematology, semiotic, semeiography.

sign, v. signify, mark, indicate, betoken; subscribe.

signal, n. sign, ensign, beacon. Associated Word: pharology.

signal, a. memorable, remarkable, noticeable, notable.

signature, n. autograph, sign-manual. Associated Word: signatory.

signer, n. subscriber, signatory.

significance, n. meaning, import; consequence, importance, force.

significant, a. momentous, important; indicative, significative. Antonyms: insignificant, unimportant, meaningless.

signification, n. meaning, import, acceptation, sense.

signify, v. indicate, betoken, denote; mean; matter.

silence, n. stillness, quietness; taciturnity, muteness, reserve; secrecy.

silence, v. still, hush, quiet, suppress, lull, quell, appease.

silent, a. still, quiet, noiseless, inaudible; taciturn, reserved, mute; quiescent.

silkworms, n. pl. Associated Words: sericulture, mulberry, cocoon, filature, cocoonery, bombic, bombyx, filator, muscardine.

silky, a. sericeous, silken.

sill, n. threshold; window sill.

silliness, n. folly, foolishness, puerility, stupidity, inanity, inaneness, absurdity, senselessness, ineptitude.

silly, a. witless, foolish, simple, fatuous, imbecile, half-witted; stupid, unwise, inept, absurd, inane, nonsensical, senseless, puerile.

silver, n. argentum; bullion (uncoined silver). Associated words: filigree, platinum, desilverize, desilverization, patio, vermeil, fulguration, silversmith.

silvery, a. silver, argent, argentine, argentous, argentiferous.

similar, a. like, corresponding, resembling, homogeneous, analogous.

similarity, n. analogy, homogeneity, likeness, similitude, correspondence.

simile, n. comparison, metaphor.

simoon, n. desert wind, khamsin, samiel.

simper, n. smirk.

simple, a. incomplex, uncompounded, single, elementary, uncombined, mere; plain, unaffected, artless, naive, unsophisticated; credulous, gullible, silly, oafish. Antonyms: complex, complicated, intricate, artful, crafty, elaborate.

simpleton, n. dolt, dunce, numskull, lackbrain, oaf, witling, fool.

simulate, v. pretend, feign.

simulation, n. pretense, feint, feigning, affectation.

simultaneous, a. contemporaneous, synchronal, synchronous.

sin, n. iniquity, transgression, wickedness, delinquency, peccadillo, offense, peccancy, unrighteousness. Associated Words: ponerology, hamartiology, peccable, peccability, peccant, peccavi, impeccable, impeccability.

sin, v. do wrong, trespass, transgress.

sincere, a. heartfelt, genuine, unfeigned, undissembling. Antonyms: See insincere.

sincerity, n. honesty, unaffectedness, frankness. Antonyms: insincerity, dissimulation.

sinew, n. tendon; muscle, thew.

sinful, a. iniquitous, wrong, immoral, wicked, depraved, vicious, unrighteous.

sinfulness, n. iniquity, immorality, depravity, wickedness.

sing, v. carol, warble, chant, hymn, hum, troll, yodel, croon.

singe, v. sweal, swale, scorch.

singer, n. vocalist, songster, songstress, minstrel, chanter, cantatrice, cantor, prima donna, precentor, bard, troubadour, jongleur, musician.

single, a. individual, alone, particular, isolated, sporadic, solitary; unmarried, celibate; simple, unmixed; honest, sincere, ingenuous, frank.

single, v. single out, choose, select, separate, isolate, segregate.

single-hearted, a. sincere, honest, guileless.

single-minded, a. artless, undesigning, guileless.

singsong, n. monotone.—a. monotonous, drawling.

singular, a. unusual, unconventional, uncommon, strange, peculiar, unwonted, rare, extraordinary, exceptional, odd, whimsical, eccentric, bizarre, queer, unique, unprecedented, unexampled, curious.

singularity, n. peculiarity, idiosyncrasy, individuality; curiosity, freak, abnormality, rarity, abnormity, queerness, eccentricity.

sinister, a. left; unlucky, inauspicious, evil, wrong, forbidding.

sink, v. subside, descend, decline, fall; immerse, submerge, engulf, merge.

sinker, n. plummet.

sinking, n. subsidence, fall, decrease, decline.

sinless, a. innocent, guiltless, undefiled, perfect, blameless, faultless.

sinner, n. wrong-doer, delinquent, miscreant, trespasser. See wrong-doer.

siren, a. bewitching, fascinating, enticing.

sister, n. Associated Words: sororicide, sororize, sorosis, sororal.

site, n. location.

sitting, n. Associated Words: sedentary, assession, astasia.

situation, n. position, place, post, employment, job, location, site, station, position; circumstance, condition, plight, predicament, exigency.

sitz bath. hip bath.

six, n. Associated Words: sexenary, hexaplar, sextant, sextuple, sextet, sestet, sextic, senary.

six-cornered, a. hexangular, hexagonal.

six days. hexahemeron.

six fingers or toes. Associated Words: sexidigitism, sexidigitist.

sixfold, a. sextuple.

six-footed, a. hexapod.

six months. semester. Associated Words: half-yearly, semi-annual, bi-annual, semestral.

six-sided, a. cubic, hexahedral, hexagonal.

six-sided body. cube, hexahedron.

six-sided figure. hexagon.

sixty, n. Associated Words: sexagenary, sexagesimal.

sixty years. Associated Words: sexagenarian, sexagenary.

six years. Associated Words: sexennial, sexennially.

size, n. magnitude, volume, dimensions, amplitude, bulk, extent, bigness.

skedaddle, v. (Slang) run away, flee, decamp, scuttle, scamper, scurry.

skeptic, n. unbeliever, infidel.

skeptical, a. doubtful, disbelieving, incredulous. Antonym: credulous.

skepticism, n. doubt, incredulity, infidelity; Pyrrhonism. Antonym: credulity.

sketch, n. draught, outline, plan, drawing, design, scenario, esquisse.

sketch, v. draught, portray, draw, depict, delineate.

skid, n. drag, clog, skidpan.

skill, n. adroitness, ingenuity, cleverness, technic, dexterity, proficiency, expertness, facility, deftness, knack. Antonyms: maladroitness, empiricism, quackery, inexpertness, clumsiness.

skillful, a. skilled, expert, adroit, dexterous, adept, masterly, proficient, deft, able, efficient, competent, accomplished. Antonyms: unskillful, empirical, maladroit.

skimp, v. (Colloq.) scamp, slight, scrimp, save.

skimpy, a. (Colloq.) scant, skimp.

skin, n. integument, tegument, derm; epidermis, cuticle, scarfskin; true skin, dermis, derma, cutis; membrane, epithelium, ecteron, enderon, ecderon; pelt, pell, pelage, peltry; hide, kip; husk, hull, glume; (of fruit) peel, peeling, rind, paring, epicarp; pellicle, film; episperm, testa, tegmen; slough, exuviae (cast-off-skin); parchment, vellum. Antonyms: pulp, flesh. Associated Words: dermatology, dermatologist, dermic, dermatic, dermal, cutaneous, dermatitis, dermatography, dermatoid, smegma, caul, dermatopathic, dermoplastic, dermoplasty, hypodermic, subcutaneous, dermatopathy, exuviate, exuviation, desquamate, desquamation, slough, dermatophyte, dermostosis, cuticular, epidermal, apellous, abrasion, emphractic, excoriation.

skin, v. flay, excoriate; pare, peel; (Slang) cheat, defraud, fleece.

skin-deep, a. superficial.

skinflint, n. miser, niggard, curmudgeon, scrimp, screw.

skinny, a. emaciated, gaunt, rawboned, poor.

skip, v. omit, pass, disregard; caper, gambol, jump, leap; ricochet.

skip, n. omission; gambol, caper, hop, leap; ricochet.

skipper, n. sea-captain; cheese maggot.

skirt, n. petticoat (underskirt); kilt; fustanella; kirtle; margin, border, edge, rim.

skirt opening. placket.

skit, n. reflection, jeer, gibe, satire, squib.

skittish, a. timorous, shy; volatile, restless, wanton.

skulk, v. sneak, slink, lurk.

skull, n. cranium; death's-head. Associated Words: cranial, acrania, acranial, craniology, phrenology, trepan, trephine, fontanel, sphenoid, cephalism, parietes, parietal, crossbones, occiput, frontal, sinciput.

skullcap, a. calotte.

sky, n. firmament, welkin, empyrean, azure, the heavens. Associated words: meridian, zenith, nadir, horizon, uranology, uranography, zodiac.

sky-blue, a. azure, cerulean.

skyey, a. ethereal.

slack, a. lax, loose, relaxed; remiss, negligent, careless, shiftless; inactive, slow.

slacken, v. moderate, retard, slack, reduce; loosen, relax; diminish, abate, mitigate; slake; relax, flag.

slackness, n. looseness, laxity, negligence, remissness, carelessness, shiftlessness; relaxation, diminution.

slag, n. scoria, cinders, recrement, dross, refuse.

slake, v. quench; slack; abate, decrease, allay.

slam-bang, adv. (Collog.) violently, forcibly, noisily, loudly.

slander, v. malign, defame, traduce, asperse, vilify, calumniate, backbite, scandalize, libel.

slander, n. defamation, calumny, aspersion, libel, vilification, scandal, abuse, traducement, backbiting, roorback, vituperation.

slanderous, a. defamatory, malicious, vituperative, calumnious, libellous.

slant, n. slope, incline, inclination, obliquity.—v. slope, incline.

slanting, a. sloping, oblique, slant.—n. obliquity, inclination, tilt.

slap, n. cuff, buffet.—v. box, cuff, buffet.

slap, adv. (Colloq.) suddenly, violently, unceremoniously, instantly.

slap-dash, adv. (Colloq.) carelessly, at random, all at once.

slash, n. incision, gash, cut, slit.

slate, n. argillite, argillaceous schist; grapholite.—v. enroll, register.

slated, a. registered, enrolled (for an appointment).

slattern, n. draggle-tail, drab, trollop, niopsy, malkin, drabble-tail.

slatternly, a. slattern, untidy, draggle-tailed.

slaughter, n. butchery. See killing.

slaughter-house, n. abattoir, shambles.

slave, n. vassal, bond servant, bondslave, bondman, thrall, serf, captive, helot; drudge. Associated Words: abolitionism, abolitionist, blackbird, maroon.

slave, v. drudge, toil, moil.

slavery, n. bondage, enslavement, servitude, inthrallment, captivity, bond service, vassalage, thralldom, subjection, helotism; drudgery.

slave warehouse. barracoon.

slavish, a. servile, menial, abject, groveling.

sleazy, a. flimsy, thin, gauzy.

sled, n. sleigh, sledge, toboggan.

sleek, a. smooth, glossy.

sleek, adv. (Low) easily, dexterously.

sleep, v. slumber, repose; doze, drowse; lie dormant; hibernate; lodge.

sleep, n. slumber, repose; nap, doze, drowse, snooze, dozing; siesta; dormancy, lethargy; trance; sopor, coma, carus; somnipathy, somnolism; dogsleep. Associated Words: hypnology, hypnotic, agrypnotic, hypnosis, hypnotism, narcotic, opiate, dwale, somniloquence, somniloquism, somnial, somniferous, hypnophobia, hypnogogic, stupefacient, mesmeric, soporific, dormitive, soporiferous, soporous, somnific, somnolent, somniloquous, antihypnotic, morphean, oversleep, morphine, narcosis, lullaby, incubation, hypnogenic, Mara, Morpheus, Hypnos, Somnus, dormitory, diurnation, cubicle, insomniac, hibernation, somnipathist, somniloquist, agrypnia, wake, awaken.

sleeper, n. slumberer; drone, sluggard; tie; joist.

sleepiness, n. drowsiness, somnolence.

sleeping, a. asleep, slumbering, dormant.

sleepless, a. wakeful, insomnious, insomnolent.

sleeplessness, n. wakefulness, insomnia, insomnolence.

sleep of plants. nyctitropism. Associated Word: nyctitropic.

sleepwalker, n. somnambulist, noctambulist, somnambulator, somnambule.

sleepwalking, n. somnambulism, somnambulation, somnambulance, noctambulism, noctambulation. Associated Words: somnambulate, somnambulistic, somnambular, somnambulic.

sleepy, a. drowsy, somnolent, dozy; soporiferous, somniferous, soporific, dormitive, narcotic, somnific, hypnotic; dormant, sluggish, lethargic, torpid, dull.

sleeve, n. Associated Word: chevron.

sleigh, n. cutter, sled, sledge, bobsled, toboggan, jumper, pung.

sleight of hand. prestidigitation, jugglery, legerdemain, magic, conjury. Associated Words: prestidigitator, juggler, conjurer, magician, legerdemamist.

slender, a. slim, slight, thin, spare, lank, spindling; delicate, feeble, fragile, frail, tenuous; trivial, inconsiderable; abstemious, frugal, spare, plain.

slice, n. chop, collop; rasher, flitch.

slick, a. sleek, sleeky, smooth.

slide, n. slip; flume, shoot, chute.

slide, v. slip, glide, lapse, elapse, skid.

slight, a. inconsiderable, trivial, insignificant, trifling, petty, paltry; desultory, cursory, superficial, indifferent.

slight, n. neglect, inattention, disregard, snub.

slight, v. overlook, neglect, disregard, ignore.

slightly, adv. somewhat; superficially, cursorily, hastily.

slim, a. thin, gaunt, poor, lank, spare, spindling, meager; slight, insufficient, inconsiderable, paltry.

slime, n. mud, mire, ooze, liman.

slimsy, a. (Colloq.) flimsy, frail, poor.

slip, v. slide, glide; err, trip; omit, lose; foist; elapse.

slip, n. lapse, error, indiscretion, transgression, peccadillo, mistake; twig, cutting, scion, shoot; escape, riddance, desertion; wrapper, covering.

slipper, n. slipshoe; (Oriental) baboosh, babouche.

slipperiness, n. smoothness, glibness, lubricity.

slippery, a. smooth, glib; inconstant, unstable; loose, incontinent, lubric.

slipshod, a. slovenly, careless, negligent.

slit, n. gash, incision.

sliver, n. splinter.

slobber, v. drivel, drool, slabber, slaver; smear, daub, defile.

slogan, n. war cry, rallying cry.

slope, v. slant, incline.

slope, n. inclination, slant, obliquity, acclivity; declivity.

sloping, a. oblique, slanting; acclivous; declivous.

slosh, n. slush, sludge.

sloth, n. sluggishness, indolence, laziness.

slothful, a. dronish, lazy, indolent, supine, sluggish, idle, inactive.

slouchy, a. slouching, ungainly, awkward.

slough, n. quagmire, bog, morass; swale; exuviae.

sloughing, n. ecdysis, exuviation.

slovenly, a. untidy, disorderly, frowzy, careless.

slow, a. deliberate, moderate, gradual; dilatory, languid, unready, phlegmatic, lingering, torpid, sluggish, slack, leisurely; (Colloq.) wearisome, dull, prosaic, uninteresting, tiresome.

slow, v. slacken, relax, moderate, delay, retard.

sluggish, a. idle, lazy, slothful; inactive, slow, inert.

slump, n. (Colloq.) depreciation.

slur, v. soil, sully; disparage, traduce, asperse; blur, mackle.

slur, n. stain, mark; innuendo, reproach, brand.

slush, n. slosh, sludge.

slut, n. bitch (femaledog); slattern, quean, malkin.

sly, a. cautious, nimble, skillful, arch, wary, knowing, shrewd, cunning, wily, artful; subtle, stealthy, clandestine, covert, surreptitious, furtive.

smack, n. taste; kiss, buss; crack, snap.

smacking, a. brisk, smart, resounding.

small, a. little, minute, diminutive, petty, slight, inconsiderable, puny, tiny, weazened, undeveloped, dwarfish, runty, wee, stunted, inappreciable, undersized, atrophied; miniature; trivial, insignificant, trifling, frivolous; mean, narrow-minded, illiberal, sordid, ungenerous, contracted; short, limited; piping, feeble, weak; microscopic, infinitesimal, molecular, corpuscular, atomic, fine; homeopathic.

smallpox, n. variola; varioloid (modified smallpox after vaccination). Associated words: vaccination, vaccine, virus, variolation, vaccinate, pock, pockmark, pockmarked, antivariolus, variolus, pocky, papule, pustule.

smart, v. sting, prick, suffer.

smart, a. acute, bright, clever, apt, brilliant, gifted, talented; precocious; vigorous, energetic, forcible; fashionable, pretentious, trim, elegant; fresh, smacking, brisk; agile, nimble, lively; pungent, poignant, intense, keen. Antonyms: dull, inapt, dowdy, tawdry.

smash, v. shiver, crush.—n. destruction, ruin, wreck; bankruptcy.

smatterer, n. sciolist, superficialist.

smattering, n. sciolism, superficial knowledge.

smear, v. besmear, daub.—n. smooch, smutch, blotch, daub.

smeary, a. dauby, sticky, viscous.

smell, n. olfaction; odor, savor, scent; (sweet smell) fragrance, aroma, perfume, redolence; (offensive smell) stink, fetor, stench. Antonyms: inodorousness, scentlessness, anosmia. Associated Words: olfactory, reek, fume, perfume, inodorous, malodorous, odoriferous, odorous, osphresiology, osphretic, odorless, deodorize, deodorization, emanation, effluvium, sniff, whiff, disinfect, disinfection, unsavory, savory.

smell, v. scent; savor; stink.

smelling, n. olfaction, osmesis (Med.).

smelling salts. sal-volatile, carbonate of ammonia. Associated word: vinaigrette.

smile, n. smiling; propitiousness, favor.

smirch, n. smutch, discoloration, smooch.

smirk, n. simper, sneer.

smite, v. strike, buffet; blast, destroy; afflict, chasten, visit.

smithereens, n. pl. (Colloq.) atoms, fragments, smithers, splinters.

smitten, p.p. of smite. stricken; blasted; afflicted, chastened; enamored, fascinated, infatuated, captivated.

smock, n. shift, chemise, shirt, blouse.

smockfaced, a. smoothfaced, girlish, beardless.

smoke, n. fume, reek, effluvium; smudge (dense smoke). Associated words: capnomancy, flue, chimney, soot, tewel.

smoke, v. reek; fume; infumate; fumigate; suffumigate; smolder.

smoking, n. smoldering; fuming; fumigation; infumation suffumigation.

smoky, a. fumid, fumy, sooty, reeky, fumacious, fuliginous.

smooch, n. smutch, stain, smudge.

smooth, v. level, plane, sleek, flatten, planish, levigate; facilitate, pave.

smooth, a. even, plain, flat, level, abraded, levigated, slippery, sleek, glary; unruffled, placid; voluble, fluent; suave, oily, bland, insinuating, flattering, smooth-tongued. Antonyms: rough, abrupt.

smoothfaced, a. beardless, smockfaced.

smoothness, n. evenness, levelness, sleekness; volubility, fluency; suavity.

smooth over. palliate, gloze, extenuate, mitigate.

smooth-spoken, a. smooth-tongued, adulatory, plausible, glib. Antonyms: brusque, abrupt.

smother, v. suffocate, stifle; extinguish, repress, suppress; smolder.

smuggler, n. contrabandist.

smut, n. scot, dirt, smutch; mildew, blight; obscenity, lewdness, ribaldry.

smut, v. stain, blacken, sully, tarnish; crock.

smutty, a. obscene, lewd, ribald, indecent, gross.

snail, n. sluggard, drone; slug.

snake, n. serpent, reptile. See serpent.

snakestone, n. madstone; ammonite.

snaky, a. serpentine, winding; insinuating, subtle, deceitful.

snap, n. spell, period, season, interval; catch, clasp; fillip, crack, smack, fico; (Collog.) energy, briskness, vigor; (Slang) sinecure.

snappish, a. captious, irascible, testy, petulant, splenetic, cross.

snare, n. catch, wile, trap, gin, lure, decoy, trapan, toils.

snarl, v. entangle, complicate, involve, knot; confuse, enmesh, insnare; growl, gnarl. Antonyms: disentangle, unravel, extricate.

snarl, n. complication, entanglement, intricacy, knot; confusion; growl.

snarler, n. growler, grumbler, fault-finder, cynic.

snatch, v. seize, grasp, gripe, wrest, pluck, grab, twitch.

sneak, v. skulk, slink, lurk, snoop.

sneaking, a. lurking, skulking, slavish, underhand, covert, stealthy.

sneer, v. mock, gibe, scoff, flout, jeer, deride, ridicule, scout.

sneer, n. gibe, scoff, jeer, gird, derision.

sneezing, n. sternutation. Associated Words: sternutative, sternutatory.

snicker, n. giggle, titter, snigger.

snide, a. (Slang) tricky, deceptive, dishonest, fraudulent.

sniff, v. snuff; scent, smell.—n. snuff, breath.

snivel, n. mucus, snot.

snob, n. upstart, pretender, parvenu; rat, knobstick.

snobbish, a. pretentious, assuming, overbearing, uppish.

snoring, n. Associated Word: stertorous.

snot, n. snivel, mucus (from the nose).

snotty, a. snively, mean, despicable.

snout, n. nose (of a beast), muzzle, proboscis; nozzle.

snow, n. Associated Words: pluviography, flurry, sleet, spoondrift, drift, flake, igloo, slush, avalanche, hyetology, meteorology, blizzard.

snowy, a. niveous, snowlike.

snub, v. slight, ignore, disregard.

snub, n. slight, check, rebuke.

snuff, n. maccaboy, rappee; sniff.

snug, a. cozy; concealed, close; comfortable, compact.

snuggle, v. nestle, cuddle.

soak, v. drench, saturate; absorb, imbibe; macerate imbrue, steep.

soaked, a. drenched, saturated, sodden.

soaking, a. drenching, saturating.

soap, n. Associated Words: saponify, saponification, saponifiable, saponin, lather, suds.

soapiness, n. saponacity.

soap liniment. opodeldoc.

soapstone, n. steatite.

soapy, a. saponaceous.

sob, v. weep.

sober, a. temperate, abstinent, abstemious; unintoxicated; solemn, grave, demure, sedate; dispassionate, unimpassioned, calm, rational.

sobriety, n. soberness; gravity.

sociable, a. affable, friendly, companionable, genial, social, unreserved. Antonyms: unsociable, inaffable.

social, a. civil, civic; sociable; festive, convivial.

social evil. prostitution.

socialism, n. Communism, Fourierism, Saint Simonianism, humanitarianism.

society, n. sodality, association, fraternity, club, confraternity, guild; verein (Ger.); companionship, association, fellowship, company.

sockdologer, n. (Slang) poser, facer, settler, conclusive answer.

sod, n. sward, turf; peat.

sodden, a. boiled, seethed; soaked, saturated.

sofa, n. tete-a-tete, divan, causeuse.

soft, a. mellow; yielding, impressible, impressionable, malleable, fictile, plastic, pliable; bland, emollient, grateful, delicate, subdued; flexible, flaccid, facile, compliant, irresolute; conciliatory, mild; effeminate, unmanly silly, foolish; queachy.

soft coal. bituminous coal.

soften, v. intenerate, mollify; palliate, extenuate, qualify, modify, relax, mitigate, emolliate, appease, temper, abate; subdue, tone down.

softening, a. demulcent, lenient, assuasive, emollient, relaxing, mollient, mollifying.

softness, n. mellowness, impressibility, plasticity, flaccidity, fictility, emollescence.

soft parts of the body. Associated Word: sarcology.

soft soap. (Colloq.) blandishment, blarney, palaver, buncombe, wheedling, cajolery, flattery.

soil, n. ground, earth, dirt, humus, land, loam, mold; dirt, pollution, defilement; manure, dung, faeces, excrement.

soil, v. dirty, defile, pollute, besmear, contaminate, taint, besmirch, sully, tarnish, begrime.

soldier, n. warrior; private; cadet; recruit; veteran; cavalry; infantry; cohort; sepoy; chasseur; zouave; volunteer; conscript; myrmidon; cossack; guerrilla; trooper; skirmisher; grenadier; uhlan; dragoon.

soldierly, a. martial, military.

soldier's dress. uniform, regimentals.

solecism, n. blunder, impropriety, barbarism.

solemn, a. serious, sober, grave; impressive, awe-inspiring, august, majestic.

solemness, n. solemnity, gravity, impressiveness, seriousness.

solicit, v. ask, seek, request.

solicitation, n. request, instance, entreaty, invitation.

solid, a. dense, compact, hard, impenetrable, firm, unyielding, imporous, concrete, substantial; unanimous, united, undivided. Antonyms: porous, incompact, hollow, spongy, soft, plastic, unstable, fallacious.

solidness, n. solidity, firmness, compactness, stability, imporosity; validity.

soliloquy, n. monologue.

solitary, a. unfrequented, secluded, lonely; single, individual; eremetic, hermitical.

solitary, n. recluse, anchoret, hermit, eremite.

solitude, n. loneliness, isolation, seclusion, eremitism, retirement; wilderness. Associated Words: apanthropy, monophobia, eremophobia.

solution, n. dissolution, melting, liquefaction, resolution, disintegration; disentanglement, explanation, elucidation, explication.

solvent, n. menstruum, dissolvent, resolvent.

somersault, n. somerset.

sometimes, adv. at intervals, now and then, occasionally.

son, n. Associated Words: filial, filiation, unfilial, filicide, mulier, mulierty.

song, n. hymn, chant, lay, ditty, ballad, onody, chansonnette, lyric, lilt, lied, paean, cantata, aria, sonnet, strain, round, rhapsody, dirge, chanson.

songcraft, n. versification, poesy, poetry.

song of Solomon. canticle.

song of triumph. paean.

sonorous, a. resonant, resounding; high-sounding, stentorian, vibrant.

sonship, n. filiation.

soot, n. crock, smut.

soothe, v. compose, tranquilize, pacify, assuage, mollify, calm.

soothing, a. bland, emollient, demulcent, gratifying, quieting, sedative.

soothsayer, n. seer, prophet, diviner, haruspice, foreteller.

soothsaying, n. prophecy, augury, divination, prediction, prognostication.

sooty, a. fuliginous, soot-covered.

sophism, n. fallacy, paralogy, fallacious reasoning.

sophistical, a. fallacious, unsound.

sophistry, n. fallacy, paralogy, paralogism.

sophomoric, a. inflated, bombastic, pretentious.

soprano, n. descant, treble.

sorcerer, n. conjurer, necromancer, magician, enchanter, juggler, wizard.

sorcery, n. necromancy, magic, enchantment, witchcraft, black art.

sordid, a. low, degraded, abject, base.

sore, a. ulcerated, cankered, ulcerous, raw, inflamed, irritated; distressing, grievous, severe; grieved, pained, hurt, sensitive.

sore, n. ulcer, ulceration, imposthume, pustule, boil, abscess, canker, fester, blain, gathering; (venereal sore) chancre, chancroid. Associated Words: antiseptic, slough, proud flesh, poultice, salve, ointment, pledget, spleget.

sore, adv. grievously, sorely, severely, greatly.

sorrow, n. grief, regret, remorse, misery, heaviness, rue, unhappiness, contrition, dolor, agony, distress, compunction, bereavement.

sorrow, v. grieve, mourn, regret, deplore, bewail, lament.

sorrowful, a. See sad.

sorry, a. melancholy, mournful, dismal, depressing, sad; abject, despicable, miserable, mean, paltry, contemptible, pitiful; contrite, penitent, chagrined, pained.

sort, n. kind, species, character, description, strain, class.

sort, v. assort, classify; conjoin; choose, select, cull; consort, associate, fraternize; harmonize, agree, accord, conform.

so-so, a. middling, passable, tolerable, mediocre, ordinary, average.

sot, n. toper, drunkard, bibber.

soul, n. spirit, Psyche. Associated Words: psychology, psychic, psychological, psychomachy, transmigration, metempsychosis, psychogenesis, psychopannychism, theodicy, monopsychism.

sound, a. whole, intact, perfect, flawless, unimpaired; healthy; logical; severe, hard, heavy; sane, rational; profound, undisturbed, unbroken; valid, legal, lawful: seaworthy; sensible, irrefutable, convincing.

sound, n. strait, narrows, channel.

sound, v. fathom, gauge; examine, try, test, probe, explore; proclaim, publish, herald; resound.

sound, n. noise, report. Associated Words: acoustic, acoustics, acoustician, catacoustics, cataphonics, phonetic, phonetics, polycoustic, phonetism, phonology, polycoustics, diacoustics, diaphonics, phonic, soniferous, sonification, megaphone, sonorescence, diacritical, harmonics, phonation, polyphone, polyphonic, polyphonist, polyphony, monophonic, monophthong, homophone, homophonic, homophony, modulate, modulation.

sounding, n. bathymetry; examination; proclamation; resonance, reverberation.

sounding, a. sonorous, resonant, sonant.

soundless, a. unfathomable, abysmal; silent, noiseless, aphonic, surd.

sound-producing, a. sonorific.

soup, n. broth, bouillon, consomme, pottage, puree, bisk, bisque, julienne.

soup dish. tureen.

sour, a. acid, tart, acetose, acerbitous, acrid; rancid, musty; curdled, loppered; imbittered, morose, misanthropic, unamiable, dour, cynical, surly, grum, austere, crabbed, cross.

sour, v. curdle, acidify, lopper, spoil, acidulate; imbitter, embitter.

source, n. origin, spring, fountain, rise.

sourness, n. acidity, tartness, acerbity, sharpness; rancidity, mustiness; asperity, acrimony, moroseness, cynicism, crossness.

souse, v. pickle; douse, immerse, plunge, submerge.

soutane, n. cassock.

southerner, n. southron.

southern lights. aurora australis.

south wind. Auster, Notus.

souvenir, n. keepsake, reminder, memento; trophy.

sovereign, a. supreme, chief, paramount, predominant; controlling, effectual, efficacious.

sovereign, n. ruler, monarch.

sovereignty, n. dominion, supremacy, sway, empire, scepter, dynasty.

sow, v. propagate, disseminate, scatter, plant.

space, n. extension, vacancy; vacuum; distance, interval; interspace (intervening space); interstice; abyss. Associated Words: plenum, plenist, vacuist, spacial.

spacious, a. capacious, roomy, vast.

spade, n. spud (narrow, with long handle).

Spain, n. Iberia. Associated Words: Hispanicism, Hispanic, Spanish, Spaniard, Iberian.

span, n. nine inches; team, yoke, pair.

spare, v. forbear, refrain, be merciful.

spare, a. thin, lean, poor, gaunt, meager, lank; superfluous.

sparing, a. economical, frugal, saving, parsimonious, chary; scanty, scarce, meager; compassionate, indulgent, forbearing, merciful, lenient.

spark, v. court, woo, philander.

sparkle, v. glitter, coruscate, glisten, scintillate, twinkle, gleam.

sparkle, n. scintillation, glitter, gleaming, brilliancy.

sparkling, a. glittering, flashing, brilliant, twinkling, coruscant, glistening, lambent, scintillant, glistering; spirited, vigorous, impassioned, bright; mantling, gleaming, bubbling.

sparse, a. scattered, thin, innumerous, meager.

Spartan, a. hardy, undaunted, courageous, doughty.

spasm, n. convulsion, paroxysm, fit, throe.

spasmodic, a. intermittent, fitful, convulsive.

spat, n. tiff, quarrel, dispute, dissension.

spats, n. pl. gaiters, spatterdashes.

spawn, n. roe, ova, eggs (of fishes, frogs, etc.); mycelium.

speak, v. utter, pronounce, say, articulate, enunciate, express, talk; discourse, address, declaim, harangue, preach, lecture, rant, descant, expatiate; accost, address; declare, publish, proclaim, announce, bruit. Antonyms: repress, suppress, refrain.

speaker, n. orator, discourser, spokesman, prolocutor, mouthpiece, interlocutor, chairman.

speaking alone. monologue, soliloquy.

speaking together. conference, collocution.

spear, n. lance, javelin, harpoon, assagai, trident, jireed; shoot, spire, blade.

special, a. particular, especial, specific, exceptional.

specialty, n. particularity; speciality.

specie, n. coin, cash, metallic money.

species, n. group, class, kind, brood, sort, variety.

specific, a. definite, precise, specified; characteristic, particular, special.

specify, v. designate, particularize, individualize, name.

specimen, n. example, sample, model, copy, pattern.

specious, a. plausible; obvious, manifest.

speck, n. spot, stain; atom, mite, particle, bit.

speckle, v. speck, spot, dot.

speckled, a. spotted, mottled.

spectacle, n. scene, sight, show, exhibition, pageant.

spectator, n. beholder, witness, bystander, onlooker, observer.

specter, n. phantom, apparition, shade, ghost, manes, spirit, wraith, spook.

spectral, a. phantomlike, ghostly.

speculate, v. theorize, meditate, conjecture, guess, think.

speculation, n. theory, supposition, conjecture; contemplation, thought.

speculative, a. contemplative, meditative; theoretical, supposititious.

speech, a. utterance, speaking; language, talk, conversation, parlance, words; tongue, dialect; patois; discourse, oration, address, plea, declamation, dissertation, epilogue, allocution, exhortation, disquisition, effusion, descant; harangue, diatribe, tirade, screed, rhapsody, philippic, invective, rant; soliloquy, monologue; dialogue; colloquy; trialogue; interlocution; improvisation; toast; equivocation, prevarication, quibbling; ambages, pseudology, amphibology, amphiboly, dilogy. Associated Words: extempore, extemporaneous, extemporize, extemporization, impromptu, improvise, improvisation, brogue, aphasia, amnesia, oratory, elocution, rhetoric, oratorical, rhetorical, rhetorician, elocutionary, peroration, voluble, volubility, fluent, fluency.

speechless, a. dumb, mute, aphasic, inarticulate.

speechlessness, n. dumbness, muteness, obmutescence, taciturnity, aphasia.

speed, n. velocity, swiftness, rapidity, celerity, haste, expedition, dispatch, posthaste; impetuosity. Associated Words: tachymeter, tachometer, trechometer, stathmograph, momentum, impetus.

speed, v. hurry, hasten; accelerate, expedite, quicken, dispatch, facilitate; prosper, favor.

speedy, a. swift, quick, fast, rapid, fleet, hasty, hurried, expeditious.

spell, n. charm, incantation, exorcism; period, season, interval.

spell, v. orthographize; decipher, read, unravel, unfold; charm, bewitch.

spellbound, a. fascinated, charmed, enchanted, bewitched.

speller, n. orthographist, orthographer.

spelling, n. orthography. Associated Words: orthographic, phonetic, glossic, nomic, homographic, homography, homograph, heterographic, heterography, cacographic, cacography.

spend, v. expend, disburse.

spender, n. prodigal, spendthrift.

spending, n. expenditure, disbursement.

spendthrift, n. waster, spender, prodigal, squanderer

spent, a. exhausted, tired, consumed, worn out.

sperm-whale, n. cachelot, spermaceti whale.

sphere, n. globe, orb, ball; province, circuit, beat, purview, compass, circle; station, position, rank; region, domain, realm; orbit.

spice, n. condiment; piquancy, pungency.

spicy, a. aromatic, fragrant; piquant, pungent, sharp.

spider, n. araneidan; scorpion, tarantula; pl. Araneina, Arachnida. Associated Words: arachnology, arachnologist, araneidan, araneiform, web, arachnoid, arachnophagous, spinneret, arachnean, falcer, cobweb, cocoon, retiary, arachnidium.

spigot, n. stopper, plug, stopple.

spin, v. whirl, twirl, revolve, gyrate; protract, prolong, extend.

spinach, n. Associated Word: spinaceous.

spinal, a. vertebral, rachidian.

spinal cord. myelon, myel.

spindle-shaped, a. fusoid, fusiform.

spindling, a. tall and slender.

spine, n. backbone, spinal column, rachis, chine. Associated Words: Vertebrata, Invertebrata, vertebra, vertebrate, cyrtosis, chiropractic, chiropractor, spondyle, coccyx, rickets, ependyma, ependymis.

spineless, a. invertebrate.

spinet, n. virginal, clarichord.

spinning, n. whirling, twirling.

spiral, a. winding, cochleate, helical, turbinated, helicoid.

spire, n. steeple; shoot, stalk, blade, spear; top, peak, summit.

spirit, n. soul; shade, apparition, specter, ghost, phantom, revenant; animus; vivacity, energy, life, ardor, enthusiasm, zeal, force, intensity; temper, mood; meaning, intent, significance; pl. manes.

spirit, v. inspirit, animate, encourage; spirit away, carry off, kidnap, abduct.

spirited, a. animated, lively, ardent, mettlesome, fervent, passionate.

spit, v. expectorate; spawl, sputter; eject.

spit, n. spittle, sputum, saliva. Associated Words: salivary, salivous, salivant, salivate, salivation, ptyalin.

spite, n. malignity, malice, rancor, hate, resentment, defiance, spleen.

spiteful, a. malicious, malign, malignant, rancorous, hateful.

spitting, n. expectoration.

spittoon, n. cuspidor, spitbox.

splash, v. plash, dash, spatter, dabble.—n. daub, splotch, blot.

spleen, n. milt; anger, spite, malice, choler; melancholy, depression. Associated Words: splenic, splenetic, splenography, splenology, splenotomy, splenitis, lienal, lienitis, splenalgia, splenocele, splenoid.

spleeny, a. irritable, petulant, choleric, irascible; melancholy.

splendid, a. bright, brilliant; magnificent, grand, superb, imposing, sumptuous; illustrious, glorious, distinguished, celebrated, famous.

splendor, n. brilliancy, brightness; magnificence, pageantry, pomp, grandeur; renown, glory, eminence, sublimity, fame.

splice, v. interweave, unite, braid together.

splinter, n. sliver, flinder.

split, v. rive, cleave, sunder, rend, divide, separate, rift, burst, rupture, disunite, disrupt.

split, n. crack, rent, fissure, rift; (Colloq.) breach, separation, disunion, rupture.

split, a. cleft, riven, divided, sundered, rent, disunited cloven.

splitting, n. fission, cleavage, riving, sundering, rupture disruption. Associated Words: fissile, fissility.

splotch, n. smear, smudge, smutch, daub, spot, stain.

spoil, v. plunder, rob, pillage, ravage, depredate, despoil devastate, sack; corrupt, vitiate, debase, mar, demoralize, deprave, sophisticate, infect, defile, contaminate; disfigure, deface, damage; decay, addle, putrefy, rot.

spoil, n. plunder, pillage, booty, prize, gain, loot; waste, robbery, devastation, sacking, rapine, spoliation; corruption, decay, vitiation.

spoke, n. radius, ray; rung, round.

spoken, a. oral, nuncupative, parole.

spokesman, n. speaker, mouthpiece, prolocutor.

sponge, v. imbibe, absorb; expunge, efface, erase, obliterate.

sponger, n. parasite, hanger-on, trencher friend.

spongy, a. porous, spongoid, spongiform, incompact; absorbent, bibulous.

sponsor, n. godparent; surety. Associated Words: sponsorial, sponsorship, sponsion, ward, protege.

spontaneous, a. instinctive, voluntary, impulsive, unforced

spontaneous generation. abiogenesis.

spook, n. ghost, spirit, specter, apparition, phantom, hobgoblin.

spooney, a. (Colloq.) silly, sentimental, foolishly fond.

spoor, n. track, trail (of a wild animal).

sporadic, a. separate, single, isolated.

sport, n. amusement, game, recreation, fun, play, diversion, pastime, jollity, pleasantry, hilarity, gayety, merriment; derision, mockery, ridicule, jeer; plaything, toy; monstrosity; (Slang) sportsman.

sport, v. frolic, play, caper, disport; (Colloq.) exhibit wear, display.

sportive, a. frolicsome, merry, boon, frisky, sprightly, prankish, gamesome.

spot, n. speck, speckle, mark, blot, discoloration, fleck, dapple, blotch, smutch; stain, reproach, blemish, flaw; place, locality; areola, areolet, areolation, ocellus.

spot, v. dapple, variegate, mottle, speckle, blot, sully, stain, maculate.

spotless, a. immaculate, unspotted, stainless, unsullied, irreproachable, blameless.

spotted, a. speckled, dappled, dotted, discolored, variegated, bespeckled, flecked, freckled, spotty, soiled, piebald, mottled, blotched, pinto, pied, pintado, party-colored, specked, plashy, finchbacked, rubican, ocellated.

spotted fever. cerebro-spinal meningitis, typhus fever.

spotted sickness. pint.

spout, v. spurt, squirt, gush; rant, harangue; (Cant) pawn.

spout, h. nozzle; conduit, trough, adjutage; waterspout; gargoyle; dale.

spouter, n. declaimer, ranter, haranguer.

spout hole. blowhole, spiracle.

spouting, n. harangue, declamation, magniloquence, ranting.

spray, n. twig, sprig, branch.

spray, n. Associated Words: atomize, atomization, atomizer, spoondrift, nebulize, nebulizer, nebulization.

spread, v. extend, stretch, expand, dilate; unfurl, unroll, open; disseminate, bruit, circulate, propagate, promulgate, diffuse, emit; suffuse; cover, overspread, mantle; expatiate.

spread, n. extent, compass, reach; (Colloq.) feast; cover.

spreadeagle, a. bombastic, boastful, magniloquent, grandiloquent.

spreading, n. extension, expansion, dilation; dissemination, propagation, promulgation, diffusion, circulation; suffusion, circumfusion; radiation.

spree, n. (Colloq.) carousal, debauch, revelry, orgies, bacchanals, wassail, saturnalia.

sprig, n. shoot, slip, twig, spray.

sprightliness, n. animation, liveliness, vivacity, activity, briskness, lilt.

sprightly, a. lively, brisk, animated, debonair, vivacious, sportive, gay.

spring, v. dart, shoot; bound, leap, jump, hop, vault; emerge, rise, arise; rebound, recoil, fly back; bend, warp; issue, emanate, originate, flow, arise.

spring, n. leap, bound, saltation, vault, jump; resilience, elasticity, springiness; fount, fountain, source; cause, origin, motive, source; springtime, vernal season.

spring, n. Associated Word: pegology.

springboard, n. batule, batule board.

springy, a. elastic, resilient, rebounding, recoiling; spongy, yielding, queachy.

sprinkle, v. scatter, strew; besprinkle, bedew, asperse.

sprinkling, n. aspersion, besprinkling.

sprinter, n. runner.

sprite, n. elf, goblin, pixy, fay, specter, phantom, ghost.

sprout, v. germinate, pullulate, bourgeon, grow, vegetate; branch, ramify; tiller.

sprout, n. shoot, tiller, chit, sucker, scion; aerospire, plumule; rattoon.

sprouting, n. germination.

spruce, a. natty, jaunty, neat, finical, trim.

spry, a. agile, nimble, quick, brisk, sprightly, alert.

spunk, n. touchwood, punk, amadou.

spunk, n. (Colloq.) spirit, mettle, pluck.

spunky, a. (Colloq.) mettlesome, plucky, spirited.

spur, n. rowel, goad, prick; snag, projection; incitement, stimulus, goad, incentive, instigation, impetus, provocation; spine (on a cock's leg).

spur, v. goad, incite, urge, stimulate, instigate, impel.

spurious, a. counterfeit, sham, false, mock, adulterine, unauthentic.

spurn, v. reject, scorn, contemn, despise, scout.

spurn, n. rejection, disdain, scorning.

spurt, n. gushing, spouting, jet, ejection.—v. gush, spout, jet.

spy, n. scout; emissary (disguised).—v. espy, see.

spying, n. espionage, espial.

squab, a. plump, stout, fat; unfledged, unfeathered.

squabble, n. wrangle, dispute, altercation. See quarrel.

squad, n. band, gang, knot, bevy, company.

squalid, a. filthy, foul, nasty, dirty.

squalidness, n. squalor.

square, n. quadrate, quadrature; block, area; equality, level, agreement.

square, a. equitable, true, just, honest, impartial; even, balanced, adjusted; quadrate, quadratic.

square, v. adjust, fit, suit; balance, settle; conform, agree, accord.

squares, n. pl. Associated Words: tessellate, tessellated, tessellation, mosaic, checkered.

squat, v. crouch, cower.

squeak, v. creak; (Colloq.) betray, tell, confess.

squeal, v. cry, yell; (Slang) tell, betray, confess.

squeeze, v. compress, gripe, pinch; oppress, extort; crowd, elbow, press.

squeeze, n. compression, pressure; (Colloq.) exaction, extortion.

squelch, v. (Colloq.) crush, silence, quell, stifle, abash.

squib, n. satire, lampoon, pasquinade.

squint-eyed, a. cross-eyed, cock-eyed, gimlet-eyed.

squinting, n. strabismus; cross-eye.

squirm, v. wriggle, writhe, twist.

squirrel skin. vair.

s-shaped, a. sigmoid, sigmoidal, sigmate.

stab, v. pierce, thrust, gore, transfix; backbite, malign.

stab, n. thrust, wound, stoccado.

stability, n. fixedness, firmness, permanence, constancy, steadiness. Antonyms: instability, unsteadiness.

stable, a. steady, firm, immovable, unwavering, constant, permanent.

stable, n. barn; mews. Associated Words: paddock, equerry.

stableman, n. groom, hostler.

stack, n. pile, rick.

staff, n. rod, stick, cane; truncheon; mace; crozier; support; bourdon.

stag, n. hart.

stage, n. platform, rostrum; scaffold, staging; theater, playhouse, arena, boards; degree, step, point; drama. Associated Words: histrionic, histrionism, histrionicism, proscenium, postscenium, parascenium, coulisse, wing.

stagecoach, n. stage, omnibus, diligence (France).

stagger, v. reel, totter, sway; shock, astound, dumfound.

stagnant, a. motionless, standing, quiet; inactive, dull, sluggish.

stagy, a. theatrical, assumed, bombastic.

staid, a. sedate, demure, serious, settled.

stain, v. soil, sully, defile, taint.

stain, n. blot, taint, discoloration, tarnish.

stainless, a. immaculate, spotless.

stairway, n. stairs, staircase, flight of stairs; escalator (moving stairway); caracole (spiral staircase). Associated Words: baluster, balustrade, newel, landing, riser, tread, banister, nosing, dog-legged.

stake, n. picket, pale, post; pledge, wager, bet; venture, risk, hazard.

stake, v. venture, risk, hazard, wager, bet, pledge.

stale, a. vapid, musty, fusty, flat, insipid, mawkish; trite, common, banal, hackneyed, commonplace.

staleness, n. vapidity, mustiness, insipidity; triteness, banality.

stalk, n. stem, axis, petiole, pedicel, peduncle, spire, stipe, culm, kecksy.

stall, n. stable; booth, stand; seat. Associated Words: manger, stanchion.

stalwart, a. strapping, brawny, muscular, redoubted, athletic, strong.

stamina, n. vigor, strength, sturdiness, backbone.

stamp, v. impress, imprint; stomp (Colloq.).

stamp, n. impression, imprint, die; hallmark; pestle.

stamp out. extinguish, crush, quell.

stamps, n. pl. Associated Words: philately, philatelist, philatelic, timbrology, frank, grill, surcharge.

stanch, a. loyal, steadfast, constant, true, unwavering; sound.

stand, v. endure, bear, weather, brook, suffer, tolerate, yield to, abide, submit; agree, accord, be consistent; stagnate.

stand, n. halt, stop, pause, stay; tripod, trivet; situation, location, position, post; stall, booth; quandary, perplexity; resistance, opposition, withstanding; stillion.

standard, n. criterion, model, type, pattern, norm; gauge, measure; flag, colors; labarum, vexillum.

standard-bearer, n. color-bearer, color-sergeant, ensign, vexillary; leader.

stand by. befriend, vindicate, advocate, defend, maintain.

standing, a. erect; stagnant; lasting, permanent, persistent.

standing, n. status.

standing out. prominent, projecting, protuberant, jutting out; conspicuous, salient.

standing out. prominence, projection, protuberance, bulge, protrusion; conspicuousness, salience; persistence, incompliance, obduracy.

standing up for. defense, justification, support, advocacy.

stand in hand. behoove, be advantageous, conduce to one's interest.

stand it. endure, tolerate, bear, brook.

stand off. keep aloof, refrain; refuse, resist, withstand.

stand out. project, overhang, jut out, beetle; resist, withstand.

standpoint, n. point of view, viewpoint.

stand up for. defend, support, espouse, champion, advocate, justify, vindicate.

star, n. luminary, planet; asterisk, asterism; pentalpha; pentacle; meteor. Associated Words: astronomy, astronomer, astronomical, astrolatry, astrolater, astrogeny, astrology, astrologer, astrological, astrometry, astromancy, sidereal, astral, horoscope, constellation, zodiac, observatory, galaxy, acronycal, cosmical, astrophotography, astrophysics, periastral, stellar, interstellar, intersidereal, orbit.

star, v. bespangle.

starched, a. stiff, ceremonious, prim, formal, punctilious, precise.

starchy, a. amylaceous, amyloid, starched.

starry, a. bespangled; astral, stellar, stellary, radiated, stelliform.

start, v. set out, go, initiate, launch, institute, embark.

startle, v. scare, surprise, affright.

starvation, n. famishment.

starve, v. famish.

state, n. condition, plight, category, situation, pass, predicament, circumstances; rank, quality; pomp, grandeur, magnificence; commonwealth; canton. Associated Words: federal, federalist, federalism, federalize, confederate, confederation, gerrymander, secession.

state, v. assert, affirm, aver, allege, say, specify, declare.

statehouse, n. capitol.

stately, a. imposing, dignified, august, pompous, majestic, formal.

statement, n. assertion, affirmation, specification, avowal, averment, narration, dictum.

station, n. standing, rank, status; depot; situation, place.

statue, n. image; acrolith, caryatid; xoanon. Associated Words: sculpture, statuary, sculptor, statuesque, figurine, esquisse.

status, n. standing, rank, station, condition.

statute, n. law. Associated Words: statutable, statutory, purview.

stay, v. sojourn, tarry, lodge, remain, continue, abide; support, prop, buttress, brace, uphold, strengthen; delay, obstruct, hinder, restrain, appease, withhold, forbear, withstand, impede, retard.

stay, n. sojourn, abidance, stop; dependence, support, upholder; impediment, hindrance, obstruction, restraint.

steadfast, a. firm, fixed; constant, unswerving, unwavering, stanch, unshaken.

steady, a. steadfast, constant; stable, firm, fixed; unremitted, constant, uniform, undeviating. Antonyms: intermittent, infrequent, occasional, inconstant, unsteady.

steal, v. pilfer, filch, peculate, purloin, poach, abstract, rob, defraud, pirate, plunder, crib, pillage, rapine loot, thieve, embezzle, peculate, plagiarize; insinuate, creep furtively, go stealthily, sneak, slink, skulk; ratten.

stealer, n. See thief.

stealing, n. theft, larceny, robbery, pilfering, peculation, thievery, abstraction, looting, cribbing, rapine, depredation, surreption, piracy, plundering, pillage, embezzlement, peculation, shop lifting, plagiarism. Associated Words: light-fingered, booty, spoil, plunder, loot, swag, spoils, predatory, fence, kleptomania.

stealthy, a. clandestine, sly, secret, furtive, skulking, underhand.

steam, n. vapor, reek, fume, emanation, effluvium, exhalation, stufa.

steam organ. calliope.

steel, n. Associated Words: siderotechny, siderurgy, bessemerize, Bessemer, damaskeen, damask.

steel, v. fortify, brace, nerve.

steel-engraving, n. siderography.

steep, a. precipitous, abrupt, sheer, perpendicular: (Slang) excessive, immoderate.

steep, n. precipice, cliff, abrupt declivity; escarpment, scarp.

steep, v. soak, macerate, imbrue, infuse.

steeple, n. spire, tower, turret; minaret.

steer, v. guide, pilot, control, govern.

steerable, a. dirigible.

steering, n. guiding. Associated Words: tiller, rudder, helm.

steersman, n. helmsman, pilot, cockswain.

stem, n. trunk, body; peduncle, pedicel, petiole, stalk, culm; root, etymon, radical, radix, theme.

stem, v. oppose, withstand, breast, resist, check.

stench, n. fetor, stink.

stenography, n. phonography, shorthand.

step, n. pace; stair, round; footstep, footprint, footmark, track; grade, degree, gradation; measure, action, procedure, expedient; stride (a long step).

step, v. pace, stride.

stepmother, n. Associated Word: novercal.

steps, n. pl. stairs; stile; perron.

sterile, a. barren, infecund, unproductive, unfruitful, unprolific.

sterility, v. barrenness, infecundity, unproductiveness. Associated words: sterilize, sterilization.

stern, a. austere, rigorous, exacting, strict, hard-hearted.

sternness, n. austerity, severity, rigor, strictness.

stew, n. (Colloq.) confusion, agitation; ragout.

steward, n. purveyor; major-domo; seneschal, dapifer; manciple.

stewpan, n. skillet.

stick, n. switch, rod, birch; billet; fagot; wand; cane, staff, walking-stick; club, cudgel; goad, gad; gambrel, garrot, ferule, skewer, batlet; stake; boomerang, woomerah; stab, thrust; maul-stick; sprag; pl. chatwood.

stick, v. pierce, stab, penetrate, impale, transfix, gore; insert, thrust, push, infix; paste, cement, glue, attach, affix; cleave, cling, adhere, remain, abide; stall; hesitate, scruple; adhere, agglutinate, glutinate, cohere; pose, puzzle, disconcert; stick out, project, jut, protrude. (Slang) impose upon, cheat.

sticker, n. poster; label; adhesive, glue, cement, mucilage, paste, agglutinant; (Colloq.) puzzle, poser.

stickiness, n. adhesiveness, viscosity, tenacity, cohesiveness, glutinousness.

sticking, n. adhesion, adherence, coherence, cleaving, cohesion, agglutination.

sticking out. projecting, protruding, prominent.—n. projection, protrusion, prominence.

stickle, v. contend, altercate, dispute, quibble, scruple, haggle, higgle, chaffer; trim, prevaricate, shift, palter, play fast and loose.

stickler, n. haggler, higgler, contender.

sticktoitiveness, n. (Colloq.) pertinacity, persistence, perseverance, diligence, tenacity.

stick up for. (Colloq.) assert and defend, vindicate.

sticky, a. adhesive, viscous, viscid, mucilaginous, glutinous, clammy, tenacious.

stiff, a. inflexible, rigid, firm, unbending, inelastic, stark, impliable, rigorous, unyielding, inductile; strong, violent, forcible, inopposable; pertinacious, obstinate, tenacious, uncompromising, incompliant; constrained, formal, starched, affected, unnatural, precise, prim, ceremonious, prudish, punctilious; cramped, graceless, inelegant; (Slang) high, immoderate, large. Antonyms: limber, flaccid, limp, flexible, lithe.

stiff joint. anchylosis.

stiff neck. obstinacy, contumacy, intractability, incompliance, stubbornness.

stiff-necked, a. obstinate, intractable, perverse, contumacious, stubborn, obdurate.

stiffness, n. inflexibility, rigidity, firmness; prudery, constraint, precision, formality; tension. Antonyms: pliability, limpness, flexibility, flaccidity, ease, relaxation, informality.

stifling, a. close, oppressive, suffocating.

still, a. motionless, unruffled, stagnant, quiescent, inert, stationary, placid, tranquil; noiseless, inaudible, silent, mum.

still, v. calm, compose, quiet, silence, hush.

still-hunt, n. stalking.

stilted, a. bombastic, pompous, grandiose, highflown, grandiloquent.

stimulant, n. excitant; provocation, stimulus, spur, goad.

stimulate, v. excite, incite, instigate, arouse, provoke, goad, spur.

stimulus, n. incentive; pl. stimuli.

sting, n. aculeus, prick; goad, incitement.

stinginess, n. parsimony, illiberality, penuriousness, closeness, avarice. Antonyms: liberality, generosity.

stingy, a. parsimonious, illiberal, close, penurious, miserly, avaricious, close-fisted, sordid, niggardly. Antonyms: liberal, generous.

stink, n. stench, fetor.

stinking, a. fetid, malodorous, offensive, noisome, ill-smelling.

stinkstone, n. anthraconite, swinestone.

stint, n. limit, restraint, restriction; assignment, allotment.

stint, v. limit, restrict, restrain, confine, stent, straiten.

stipend, n. Associated Words: stipendiary, stipendiate, stipendiarian.

stir, v. move, budge.

stir, n. agitation, tumult, bustle, commotion, flutter, ado, activity, confusion, flurry, disturbance, fuss.

stirring, a. animated, lively, strenuous, active, enterprising.

stock, n. goods, merchandise, wares, reserve.

stock, v. replenish, supply, furnish.

stockjobbing, n. agiotage.

stockings, n. pl. hosiery, hose.

stocky, a. (Colloq.) stout, plump.

stodgy, a. stuffed, distended, lumpish.

stogy, a. heavy, coarse, clumsy.

stolen goods. booty, loot, spoil, plunder, pillage. Associated word: fence.

stolid, a. dull, impassive, stupid, obtuse.

stomach, v. resent, dislike; (Colloq.) bear, brook, tolerate, stand, endure.

stomach, n. (of ruminants) fardingbag, paunch, rumen, reticulum, psalterium, manyplies, abomasum, omasum; (of birds) gizzard, crop, maw.

stomach, n. Associated Words: gastric, gastrology, gastronomy, gastritis, agastric, rennet, tripe, stomachal, stomachic, alvine, gastrectomy, pylorous, gastroscope, gastroscopy, stomacher, paunchy, paunch, anticardium, gastralgia, abdomen, abdominous.

stomach-ache, n. (Colloq.) colic.

stone, n. rock, bowlder; pebble; calculus, concretion; flint, granite, marble, quartz, adamant, shale, flag, flagstone, cobblestone, rubble, brash, shingle; monolith, polyolith; cairn, muller, merestone; cromlech; madstone, snakestone; aerolite, meteorite; (of fruit) endocarp, pit, nut, putamen. Associated Words: petrify, petrifaction, lithology, lithography, lithic, lapidary, lithoglypher, lithoglyptic, litholatry, lapidescence, lapidescent, lapidify, lapillation, lapidification, lapidific, lapilli, catapult, quarry, petrography, lapidist, petrology, geology, lithogenesis, lithification, wimble, Niobe, petrescence, petrescent, petrifactive, petrologist, concrete, lapidarian, lapidarious, fossil, schist, scapple, lichen, regolith, monadnock, saxatile, saxicoline, saxicavous, saxifrage, saxifragous.

stone, n. (precious and semi-precious) gem, jewel, diamond, brilliant, beryl, emerald, chalcedony, bloodstone, agate, heliotrope girasole, onyx, sardonyx, garnet, sardine stone, jade, opal, peridot, chrysolite, sapphire, ruby, topaz, turquoise, turquoise matrix, zircon, hyacinth, carbuncle, amethyst, pearl, coral, bijou, doublet, carnelian, briolette, cabochon, chatoyant, rhinestone, amphibole, aquamarine, tourmaline, rhodolite, spinel, bufonite. Antonyms: paste, strass, gewgaw, gimcrack, tinsel, pinchbeck, gaud, bauble, foil stone. Associated words: lapidary, lapidist, lapidarian, cameo, intaglio, facet, naif, anaglyph, briquet, collet, platinum, bizet, caret, anaglyphic, diaglyptic, anaglyphies, glyptography, table, bezel, girdle, pavilion, cadrans, mound, mount, dichroiscope, dichroism, dichroscope.

stone pit. quarry.

stone coffin. sarcophagus.

stonecutting, n. stereotomy.

stonecutter's consumption. chalicosis.

stony, a. rocky, flinty, adamantine, petrous; unrelenting, pitiless.

stool, n. footstool, cricket, hassock, ottoman, tabouret, buffet; tripod, trivet; faldstool; excrement, faeces.

stoop, v. bend; condescend, deign, descend.

stoop, n. condescension, descent; porch, veranda, piazza.

stop, v. obstruct, close up; stanch; arrest, hinder, impede, block, stay, check; repress, restrain, suppress, deter, interrupt, suspend, thwart, preclude, intercept, impede; halt, pause, stagnate, stand; refrain from, discontinue, cease, desist, suspend, intermit; break off, forbear: lodge, tarry. Antonyms: continue, persist.

stop, n. cessation, discontinuation, surcease, pause, suspension, intermission, interception, interruption, obstruction, obstacle, impediment.

stoppage, n. arrest, stopping, detention, stop.

stopper, n. stopple, cork, bung.

store, n. shop; accumulation, stock, abundance, plenty, hoard, supply.

store, v. stock, replenish, save, hoard, garner, husband, treasure up.

storehouse, n. warehouse, repository, depot, store, magazine, promptuary.

storm, n. tempest. Antonyms: calm, subsidence, serenity, tranquillity.

storm, v. assault, attack, besiege, expugn; rage, fume, rant.

storminess, n. inclemency, tempestuousness, boisterousness, violence.

stormy, a. tempestuous, boisterous, inclement, rugged, impetuous; violent, furious, wild; agitated, disturbed. Antonyms: calm, pacific, serene.

story, n. fiction, tale, anecdote, romance, novel, fable, legend, myth, parable, apologue, chronicle, record, history, narrative, narration, yarn, rehearsal, recital, tradition, jeremiad; falsehood, canard; floor, loft; mezzanine, entresol.

story-teller, n. raconteur.

stout, a. strong, powerful, vigorous, enduring, durable, tough; portly, fleshy, corpulent, thickset, obese, burly, chubby, fat.

straddle, v. bestride.

straight, a. perpendicular, vertical, plumb, erect, upright; direct, rectilinear, undeviating, unswerving; square, honest, equitable, honorable; (Slang) unmixed, clear, undiluted. Antonyms: indirect, oblique, crooked, devious, circuitous. See crooked.

straight-out, a. (Colloq.) unqualified, thoroughgoing, artless, undesigning.

straightway, n. immediately, at once, directly, forthwith.

strain, v. stretch, tighten; sprain, wrench; percolate, filter, defecate, filtrate; overtask, overwork.

strain, n. pedigree, race, lineage, extraction; sort, kind; overexertion, effort; tension, intension; tune, melody; style, manner.

strained, a. tense, unnatural, forced, artificial, agonistic, farfetched.

strainer, n. colander, filter, sieve.

strait, n. narrows, channel; dilemma, difficulty, pinch, exigency, restriction.

straiten, v. limit, restrict, narrow, confine, constrain, tighten, embarrass.

straitened, a. restricted, embarrassing, distressing.

strait-laced, a. uncompromising, rigorous, strict, prudish, prim, precise.

stranded, a. wrecked, aground, beached.

strange, a. foreign, unfamiliar, exotic, outlandish; novel, odd, unusual, queer, unique, nondescript, exceptional, singular, peculiar, rare, erratic, unique, bizarre, eccentric, inexplicable; unaccustomed, unfamiliar; reserved, distant, unfriendly; unknown. Antonyms: familiar, accustomed, wonted, commonplace, conventional.

strangle, v. choke, throttle, suffocate; stifle, suppress; garrote.

strangling, n. strangulation, choking, suffocation, suppression, constriction.

strap, n. thong, strop, leash.

strapping, a. (Colloq.) stalwart, able-bodied, large, muscular, brawny.

stratagem, n. artifice, device, machination, maneuver, intrigue, ruse, finesse.

straw, n. stalk, culm; litter, mulch; sennet, platting.

straw roof. thatch, thatching.

strawy, a. stramineous.

stray, v. wander, rove, roam, swerve, deviate; err, sin.

stray, n. estray, waif.

streak, n. stripe, wale, whelk, ridge, vein.

streaked, a. striped, streaky, whelky, striated, whelked, brindled, barred, veined.

stream, n. current, river, creek, brook, race, run, rivulet, rill, runnel; drift, course, tendency; torrent; arroyo; flume.

stream, v. pour, gush, run; radiate, shed.

streamer, n. ensign, pennon, banner, banderole, flag.

street, n. highway, avenue, thoroughfare, boulevard.

street car. trolley car; tram (England).

street cleaner. scavenger.

street railway. tramway (England).

strength, n. force, vigor, power, might, hardihood, potency, puissance, stamina; tenacity, toughness, durability; impregnability, invincibility; security, validity, conclusiveness, cogency, efficacy; support, stay; intensity, vividness; virility; vehemence, violence, force, impetuosity; fortitude; robustness, lustiness, stoutness, brawniness, muscularity, thew, sturdiness. Antonyms: debility, delicacy, fragility, weakness, impotency, frailty, infirmity.

strengthen, v. invigorate, brace, nerve, steel, fortify, harden; intensify, heighten; confirm, corroborate, sustain.

strengthening, a. invigorating, roborant, tonic, fortifying.

strenuous, a. zealous, ardent, valiant, intrepid, vigorous, active, energetic.

strenuousness, n. zeal, ardor, intrepidity, earnestness, strenuosity, activity, energy.

stress, n. urgency, pressure; emphasis, accent; severity, inclemency; significance, importance.

stretch, v. extend, elongate, lengthen, spread; overstate, exaggerate; distend.

stretcher, n. litter.

stretching, n. tension, distension, extension, porrection, pandiculation, intension.

strict, a. rigorous, stringent, exacting, rigid. Antonyms: lax, remiss, indulgent.

stricture, n. animadversion, criticism; contraction.

strife, n. conflict, struggle, contention, emulation, competition, battle.

strike, v. hit, smite, buffet, knock, beat, thump, whack, cuff, slap; deal, inflict; impress, affect.

striking, a. impressive, noticeable, astonishing, surprising, forcible.

string, n. cord, line, twine, warp; fillet, ribbon; series, chain, concatenation, row; chord; leash, learn; thong. Associated Words: polychord, monochord.

stringent, a. binding, restrictive, rigid, severe, rigorous, exact.

stringer, n. sleeper, tie; joist.

stringy, a. fibrous, filamentous; ropy, viscid, tenacious, viscous.

strip, n. shred, fillet, batten, cleat, list.

strip, v. deprive, divest, dispossess, dismantle; plunder, desolate, devastate, pillage, sack, fleece, rifle, despoil; undress, disrobe, denude, uncover.

stripe, n. streak, band, wale, wheal, whelk, ridge, striation, stria.

stripe, n. (Colloq.) sort, likeness, color, kind.

striped, a. streaked, striate, striated.

stripping, n. deprivation, divestiture, divestment, dispossession, dismantling; plunder, desolation, devastation, depredation, despoliation, fleecing, sacking, rapine; denudation, undressing, denuding, disrobing.

strive, v. struggle, try, endeavor, contend, vie, cope.

stroll, v. ramble, rove, range, stray, straggle, wander.

strolling, a. wandering, nomadic, itinerant, roving, vagrant, straggling.

strong, a. firm, tough, enduring, hale, sound, robust, hardy, durable, puissant; powerful, mighty, invincible, impregnable, irresistible, fortified; virile, athletic, muscular, brawny, vigorous, stout, strapping, lusty, sturdy, sinewy, stalwart, thewy, able-bodied; violent, forcible, impetuous, vehement; potent, cogent, influential, urgent, convincing, conclusive; ardent, eager, zealous, strenuous, stanch, unwavering, determined; spirituous, intoxicating, alcoholic; vivid, dazzling, intense, glaring; effective, drastic, potent; racy, pungent, piquant; tough, tenacious; rank, strong-smelling; valid. Antonyms: weak, vulnerable, frail, fragile, delicate, faint, mild, frangible.

stronghold, n. fastness, fort, fortress, muniment, donjon, citadel, keep, bulwark.

strong-smelling, a. fetid, rank, frowzy, rancid, malodorous, offensive, musty.

struggle, n. conflict, contest, strife.

struggle, v. strive, cope, grapple, labor.

stub, n. stump, counterfoil.

stubble, n. eddish, rowen, arrish.

stubborn, a. unyielding, obstinate, obdurate, mulish, refractory, indocile, headstrong, inflexible, intractable, perverse, contumacious, impersuadable, recalcitrant, stiff-necked, rugged, persistent, incompliant.

stuck-up, a. (Colloq.) proud, arrogant, haughty, vain, overbearing, cavalier, supercilious, uppish.

studio, n. atelier.

study, n. research, excogitation, lucubration, cogitation; etude (Mus.); curriculum (course of study).

study, v. muse, pore, con over, lucubrate, excogitate; dig, grind.

stuff, n. material, fabric, cloth; trash, refuse, rubbish; goods, things; nonsense, balderdash.

stuff, v. cram, press, stow, crowd, fill.

stuffing, n. filling, forcemeat, dressing, farce.

stumbling-block, n. difficulty, obstruction, hindrance, barrier, stumbling-stone.

stump, v. (Colloq.) dare, challenge, nonplus.

stun, v. overcome, stupefy, dumfound, bewilder.

stunning, a. overpowering, stupefying; astonishing, striking, fine.

stunt, v. dwarf, atrophy.

stunted, a. dwarfed, atrophied, undeveloped, scrubby, undersized.

stupefier, n. stupefacient, narcotic, opiate.

stupefy, v. dull, benumb, hebetate, blunt, besot.

stupid, a. dull, stolid, obtuse, sluggish, inept, bovine, beef-witted, beetle-headed, besotted, fat-witted, doltish, undiscerning; prosaic, vapid, prosy, humdrum, uninspiring tame; lethargic, comatose, stupefied, torpid, insensible. Antonyms: shrewd, sharp, apt, spirited, lively, exciting, interesting.

stupor, a. lethargy, insensibility, unconsciousness, narcoma, torpor, coma.

sturdy, a. obstinate, stubborn, pertinacious; strong, hardy, robust.

sty, n. hordeolum.

style, n. mode, vogue, fashion; manner, way, method.

stylish, a. modish, fashionable, in vogue, a la mode, genteel, smart.

Styx, n. Associated Words: Stygian, Charon.

suasion, n. persuasion, inducement.

suave, a. urbane, courteous, debonair, bland, affable.

suavity, n. urbanity, courtesy, affability.

subdue, v. conquer, vanquish, subject, overpower, subjugate, crush, master, quell; tone down, soften.

subdued, a. vanquished, conquered, submissive, tame.

subject, a. exposed, liable, prone; answerable, amenable; subservient, subordinate. Antonyms: exempt, immune, independent, free.

subject, v. subordinate, expose.

subject, n. dependant, subordinate; topic, subject matter, theme.

subjection, n. subjugation, conquest, subordination, subserviency.

sublime, a. exalted, grand, magnificent, glorious, majestic.

submerge, v. plunge, immerse, sink, submerse; overflow, flood, deluge, inundate.

submerging, n. submergence, submersion, immersion, inundation.

submission, n. compliance, acquiescence, surrender, resignation, obedience; meekness, submissiveness, fortitude, forbearance, long-sufferance.

submissive, a. yielding, obedient, tractable, meek, resigned, passive. Antonyms: insubmissive, defiant, intractable, rebellious, refractory.

submit, v. yield, surrender, succumb, acquiesce, comply, tolerate, stand. Antonyms: resist, rebel, disobey, revolt.

subservient, a. subordinate, subject, inferior; serviceable, conducive.

subside, v. decrease, sink, abate, fall.

subsidence, n. decrease, abatement.

substantiate, v. verify, corroborate, confirm, prove.

substantiation, n. corroboration, confirmation, verification.

substitute, v. exchange, commute.

substitute, n. deputy, proxy, representative, agent, lieutenant, delegate, vicar, envoy, locum tenens; makeshift, expedient, shift, resource. Associated Word: vicarious.

substitution, n. exchange, commutation.

subterfuge, n. artifice, evasion, shift, sophistry, excuse.

subtile, a. rare, fine, ethereal, delicate; crafty, artful.

subtilty, n. rarity, fineness, ethereality; refinement; artifice, craft, guile, cunning.

subtle, a. artful, cunning, sly, designing, crafty; refined, discriminating.

subtlety, n. cunning, artfulness, guile, craftiness; discernment, penetration.

suburbs, n. pl. environs, purlieus, outskirts, confines.

succeeding, a. subsequent, following.

success, n. prosperity, triumph, victory, good fortune.

successful, a. prosperous, victorious, triumphant, fortunate.

succession, n. sequence, consecution; chain, line, series.

successive, a. consecutive.

successor, n. Antonym: predecessor.

succor, n. assistance, help, relief.

suck, v. imbibe, absorb; engulf.

sucker, n. shoot, tiller, scion, sprout; embolus, piston, valve.

sucker, n. (Slang) dupe, gull, cully, greenhorn; parasite, sponger, toady.

suckling, n. lactation.—a. unweaned.

sudden, a. unexpected, abrupt, unlocked for.

sue, v. prosecute.

suffering, n. distress, agony, misery, pain, discomfort, torture, sufferance.

sufficiency, n. enough, adequacy, competence. Antonyms: insufficiency, inadequacy.

sufficient, a. adequate. Antonyms: insufficient, inadequate.

suffocate, v. choke, stifle, smother, asphyxiate, burke.

suffocation, n. smothering, asphyxiation.

suffrage, n. vote, assent, ballot; testimony, attestation; prayer, petition.

sugar, n. sucrose, saccharose (cane sugar); levulose (fruit sugar); dextrose, glucose (grape sugar); muscovado (unrefined sugar); maltose (malt sugar); lactose (milksugar); inosite (muscle sugar); invert sugar; cassonade (raw sugar); caramel (burnt sugar). Associated words: sacchariferous, dextrine, sorghum, saccharify, saccharimeter, saccharimetry, saccharin, saccharoid, saccharize.

suggest, v. allude to, hint, intimate, insinuate, propose, recommend.

suggestion, n. intimation, hint, allusion, proposal, instance, insinuation.

suicide, n. self-murder, self-destruction; self-murderer, felo-de-se.

suit, n. wooing, courtship, addresses; prosecution, action, lawsuit; retinue, suite; petition, solicitation, entreaty, request. Associated words: champerty, maintenance. See lawsuit.

suit, v. fit, adapt, adjust; please, gratify, satisfy; accord, comport, agree.

suitable, a. fitting, accordant, proper, becoming, congruous, consistent, congruent.

suite, n. retinue, staff, train of attendants.

sulky, a. sullen, morose, surly, moody.

sullen, a. morose, unamiable, sulky, intractable.

sulphur, n. brimstone.

sulphuric acid. oil of vitriol.

sum, n. amount, total, aggregate, sum total; problem, example.

sum, v. cast up, add, compute; summarize.

summary, n. recapitulation, epitome, resume, synopsis.

summer, n. Associated Words: aestival, aestivate, aestivation.

summing up. resume, recapitulation, peroration.

summit, n. top, pinnacle, zenith, apex, vertex, culmination.

summoner, n. apparitor.

sum up. summarize, recapitulate.

sun, n. Sol. Associated Words:: heliography, heliometry, solar, solstice, solarize, anthelion, parhelion, halo, heliocentric, actinometer, actinometry, heliacal, heliograph, equinox, astronomy, astronomer, photosphere, helioscope, heliostat, paranthelion, maculae, Hyperion.

sun bath. insolation.

sunburnt, a. tanned, blowzy, bronzed.

Sunday, n. the Lord's day. Associated Word: dominical.

sundial, n. Associated Words: sciotheric, gnomon, gnomonics, gnomonolcgy, style, gnomonist, dialing.

sundog, n. parhelion.

sundry, a. several, divers, various.

sunny, a. genial, pleasant, cloudless, radiant.

sunrise, n. daybreak, dawn, aurora.

sun room. solarium.

sunshade, n. parasol; awning, shade.

sun's path. ecliptic.

sun spots. faculae.

sunstroke, n. insolation, siriasis, coup de soleil.

sun-worship, n. heliolatry, Sabianism.

sun-worshiper, n. heliolater.

super, n. supernumerary.

superabundance, n. redundancy, excess, surfeit, superfluity, exuberance, plethora.

superabundant, a. superfluous, redundant, excessive, plethoric.

superb, n. magnificent, grand, august, elegant.

superfluity, n. superabundance, surplusage. See superabundance.

superfluous, a. superabundant, redundant, excessive, supernumerary.

superintendent, n. overseer, guardian, supervisor, custodian, intendant, manager, controller, principal, curator, warden.

superior, a. more excellent, surpassing, paramount, predominant.

superiority, n. predominancy, preeminence, ascendency, supremacy.

supernatural, a. miraculous, preternatural, hyperphysical.

supersede, v. replace, displace, supplant.

supine, a. negligent, heedless, listless, indolent, careless.

supplant, v. remove, displace, supersede.

supple, a. flexible, pliant, lithe. See flexible.

supplement, n. continuation, appendix, postscript, addition, addendum.

supply, v. furnish, afford, yield, replenish, recruit, stock.

support, v. prop, brace, bolster, uphold, sustain; maintain, keep, provide for; verify, substantiate, ratify, corroborate, confirm; vindicate, defend, maintain; second, back, aid. Antonyms: desert, undermine, weaken, repudiate, oppose.

support, n. prop, buttress, brace, fulcrum, bolster, stanchion, shore, staddle, supporter; maintenance, sustenance, subsistence, finding, livelihood; base, foundation, basis; assistance, espousal, advocacy, countenance; Caryatid. Antonyms: nonsupport, opposition, desertion, repudiation.

supporter, n. advocate, adherent, defender, pillar, paraclete, sustainer, upholder, support.

suppose, v. assume, conjecture, presume, imagine, believe, imply, surmise.

supposed, a. assumed, presumed, putative.

supposition, n. hypothesis, conjecture, surmise, assumption, presumption, postulate.

suppositional, a. hypothetical, conjectural, supposed, assumed.

suppress, v. quell, overpower, put down; check, repress, restrain; secrete, conceal.

suppression, n. quelling, overthrow; repression, restraint; concealment, secretion.

supreme, a. transcendent, preeminent, superlative, paramount, predominant.

surcingle, n. girth.

sure, a. certain, inevitable; positive, confident, assured, sanguine, convinced; unfailing, infallible, unerring, inerrable, abiding, stable, trustworthy, reliable, dependable, secure, safe. Antonyms: uncertain, doubtful, dubious.

sureness, n. certainty, inevitability, assurance, certitude, safety, positiveness.

surety, n. sureness, certainty; security, pledge, guaranty; bondsman; substitute, hostage; sponsor; ratification, corroboration.

surface, n. exterior, outside, superficies.

surfeit, n. fullness, repletion, satiety; superabundance, plethora.

surgeon's case of instruments. tweese.

surgery, n. aciurgy.

surly, a. morose, sullen, crabbed, unamiable, gruff, inurbane, snarling, crusty.

surmise, v. suppose, conjecture, suspect, guess, opine.

surmise, n. supposition, conjecture, guess, suspicion.

surmount, v. overtop; conquer, overcome, vanquish.

surmountable, a. superable, conquerable. Antonyms: insuperable, unsurmountable.

surname, n. patronymic, cognomen.

surpass, v. excel, exceed, outdo, outstrip, transcend.

surpassing, a. exceeding, superior, preeminent, transcendent, supereminent.

surplus, n. surplusage, excess, overplus, residue, remainder.

surprise, v. amaze, astonish, astound.

surprise, n. amazement, astonishment.

surprising, a. astonishing, amazing, astounding, marvelous.

surrender, v. relinquish, yield, abandon, capitulate, waive, remit.

surrender, n. relinquishment, capitulation, yielding.

surround, v. enclose, encircle, encompass, environ, hem in, corral, invest, intrench.

surrounding, a. circumambient, encompassing, encircling ambient, enveloping.

surroundings, n. pl. environment, entourage.

surveying, n. survey, chorometry; geodesy. Associated Words: theodolite, transit, perambulator.

susceptible, a. sensitive, impressionable, impressible, tender.

suspect, v. mistrust, distrust, doubt; conjecture, surmise.

suspenders, n. pl. gallowses, braces.

suspense, n. uncertainty, wavering, hesitation, irresolution.

suspension, n. pendency; delay, respite, postponement, abeyance.

suspicion, n. mistrust, misgiving, distrust; surmise, conjecture, supposition; (Colloq.) suggestion, hint.

swag, n. (Slang) booty, boodle, loot, plunder, spoil.

swaggering, n. blustering, boasting, roistering.

swallow, v. ingurgitate; gulp, bolt, engorge, englut; ingulf, suck in, absorb, submerge, engulf, overwhelm; accept, believe, credit; appropriate, arrogate, monopolize, engross; bear, brook, tolerate, pocket.

swallowing, n. deglutition, ingurgitation, absorption. Antonym: aglutition.

swamp, n. marsh, morass, slough, quagmire, bog, fen, marish. Associated Words: paludine, paludinous, paludism, paludose, palustrine, draco, muck, effluvium, malaria, miasma.

swamp, v. engulf, overwhelm, submerge.

swampy, a. boggy, fenny, marshy, sloughy, slumpy, queachy.

swan, n. cob (male); cygnet (young).

swap, v. (Colloq.) exchange, trade.

swarm, v. teem.

swarming, a. teeming.

swashing, a. heavy, violent, crushing.

sway, n. dominion, domination, rule.

swear, v. blaspheme, curse, imprecate, use profane language.

swearing, n. profanity, oath, blasphemy, expletive, cursing, imprecation.

sweat, v. perspire; exude.

sweat, n. perspiration; exudation. Associated Words: sudoriferous, sudoral, sudorific, sudatory, diaphoretic, diaphoresis, perspiratory, empasm, bagnio, adiophoretic.

sweating-bath, n. sudatory, sudatorium, vapor-bath.

Swedish Parliament. Riksdag.

sweet, a. saccharine, honeyed, sugary, nectarean, ambrosial, nectareous; dulcet, melodious, harmonious, mellifluous, silvery, symphonious, tuneful; winsome, winning. Antonyms: bitter, acrid, tart, sour.

sweetbread, n. pancreas.

sweeten, v. dulcify, edulcorate; purify, disinfect, fumigate, deodorize.

sweetening, n. dulcification, edulcoration.

sweetheart, n. (male) lover, inamorato, beau, flame, spark, swain, suitor; (female) ladylove, mistress, inamorata, dulcinea, darling, flame, amaryllis.

sweets, n. pl. confectionery, sweetmeats.

sweet-smelling, a. fragrant, redolent, balmy, aromatic, savory, sweet-scented.

swell, v. distend, dilate, expand, bloat, puff up, tumefy, intumesce; increase, augment; heave, surge; protuberate; strut, swagger.

swell, n. swelling; augmentation, increase; protuberance, bulge; elevation, rise.

swell, a. (Slang) fashionable, elegant, distinguished, exquisite.—n. exquisite, fop, dandy.

swelled, a. swollen, tumid, enlarged, bloated, protuberant, turgid.

swelling, n. intumescence, turgescence, prominence, protuberance, bump, node, blain, distention. Antonyms: subsidence, detumescence.

swelling, a. turgent, tumefacient, tumid, turgid; grandiloquent, bombastic, grandiose.

swerve, v. deviate, deflect, diverge, turn aside.

swift, a. fleet, rapid, fast, speedy, quick.

swiftness, n. celerity, velocity, speed, rapidity, fleetness, quickness.

swill, n. hogwash, swillings, draff.

swimming, n. natation; dizziness, vertigo, giddiness; transnatation, supernatation. Associated Words: natatorial, natant, natatorious, natatorium, natatory.

swimming birds. Natatores.

swindle, n. See cheat.

swine, n. pl. hogs. Associated Word: porcine.

swing, v. oscillate, vibrate; sway, brandish, flourish, wave.

swing, n. swinging; free course, liberty, unrestraint, sweep.

swinging, n. oscillation, vibration.

swinging, a. oscillatory, oscillating, vibratory.

swipe, v. strike; (Slang) steal, pluck, snatch, purloin.

Swiss, n. Switzer, Helvetian.—a. Helvetic.

Swiss Federal Council. Bundesrath.

switch, v. whip, flog; shunt, shift.

swollen, a. tumid, tumefied, bloated, purled up.

sword, n. rapier, saber, scimiter, brand, curtana, claymore, smallsword, glaive, broadsword, cutlass, Damascus blade, spadroon, creese. Associated Words: scabbard, sheathe, unsheathe, forte, hilt, sheath, foible, foil, fence, fencer, gladiatorial, gladiatorism, gladiature.

swordfight, n. fencing, swordplay.

sword of mercy. curtana.

sword player, n. fencer; gladiator.

sword-shaped, a. ensiform.

sycophancy, n. obsequiousness, fawning, truckling, servility, sycophantism.

sycophant, n. fawner, toady, flunky, lickspittle.

sycophantic, a. obsequious, fawning, adulatory, servile.

syllabus, n. compendium, abstract, synopsis.

symbolic, a. typical, emblematical.

symbolize, v. typify, emblematize.

symmetry, n. proportion, shapeliness. Antonyms: asymmetry, disproportion.

sympathetic, a. compassionate, commiserating, pitiful, kind, tender.

sympathize, v. have sympathy, commiserate, condole with; agree, be in accord.

sympathy, n. fellow-feeling, tenderness; pity, commiseration, compassion, condolence; accord, agreement, rapport, concord. Antonyms: antipathy, incompassion, inclemency, disagreement, incompatibility.

symptom, n. indication, mark, sign, evidence, diagnostic. Associated words: symptomatic, rymptomatology, semeiology, semeiotic, semeiography, pathognomonic, diagnosticate, diagnosis.

synopsis, n. syllabus, compendium, abstract, summary, epitome, digest.

system, n. method, order. Antonyms: chaos, confusion, disorder.

systematic, a. methodical, orderly. Antonyms: unsystematic, chaotic, immethodical.

systematize, v. methodize, classify.